Federal Acquisition, Recycling, And Waste Prevention


                            The White House 

                     Office of the Press Secretary 
   __________________________________________________________________ 
   For Immediate Release                          October 20, 1993 

                            Executive Order 
                                #12873 
                             - - - - - - - 

         Federal Acquisition, Recycling, And Waste Prevention  


     Whereas, the Nation's interest is served when the Federal 
 Government can make more efficient use of natural resources by 
 maximizing recycling and preventing waste wherever possible;  

     Whereas, this Administration is determined to strengthen 
 the role of the Federal Government as an enlightened, 
 environmentally conscious and concerned consumer;  

     Whereas, the Federal Government should -- through cost- 
 effective waste prevention and recycling activities -- work to 
 conserve disposal capacity, and serve as a model in this regard 
 for private and other public institutions; and 

     Whereas, the use of recycled and environmentally preferable 
 products and services by the Federal Government can spur private 
 sector development of new technologies and use of such products, 
 thereby creating business and employment opportunities and 
 enhancing regional and local economies and the national economy; 

     Now, Therefore, I, William J. Clinton, by the authority 
 vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of 
 the United States of America, including the Solid Waste Disposal 
 Act, Public Law 89-272, 79 Stat. 997, as amended by the Resource 
 Conservation and Recovery Act ("Rcra"), Public Law 94-580, 
 90 Stat. 2795 as amended (42 U.S.C. 6901-6907), and section 301 
 of title 3, United States Code, hereby order as follows: 

     Part 1 - Preamble 

     Section 101.  Consistent with the demands of efficiency 
 and cost effectiveness, the head of each Executive agency shall 
 incorporate waste prevention and recycling in the agency's daily 
 operations and work to increase and expand markets for recovered 
 materials through greater Federal Government preference and 
 demand for such products. 

     Sec. 102.  Consistent with policies established by Office 
 of Federal Procurement Policy ("Ofpp") Policy Letter 92-4, 
 agencies shall comply with executive branch policies for the 
 acquisition and use of environmentally preferable products and 
 services and implement cost-effective procurement preference 
 programs favoring the purchase of these products and services. 

     Sec. 103.  This order creates a Federal Environmental 
 Executive and establishes high-level Environmental Executive 
 positions within each agency to be responsible for expediting 
 the implementation of this order and statutes that pertain to 
 this order. 

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     Part 2 - Definitions 

     For purposes of this order: 

     Sec. 201.  "Environmentally preferable" means products or 
 services that have a lesser or reduced effect on human health 
 and the environment when compared with competing products or 
 services that serve the same purpose.  This comparison may 
 consider raw materials acquisition, production, manufacturing, 
 packaging, distribution, reuse, operation, maintenance, or 
 disposal of the product or service.  

     Sec. 202.  "Executive agency" or "agency" means an 
 Executive agency as defined in 5 U.S.C. 105.  For the purpose of 
 this order, military departments, as defined in 5 U.S.C. 102, 
 are covered under the auspices of the Department of Defense. 

     Sec. 203.  "Postconsumer material" means a material or 
 finished product that has served its intended use and has been 
 discarded for disposal or recovery, having completed its life as 
 a consumer item.  "Postconsumer material" is a part of the 
 broader category of "recovered material". 

     Sec. 204.  "Acquisition" means the acquiring by contract 
 with appropriated funds for supplies or services (including 
 construction) by and for the use of the Federal Government 
 through purchase or lease, whether the supplies or services are 
 already in existence or must be created, developed, demonstrated 
 and evaluated.  Acquisition begins at the point when agency 
 needs are established and includes the description of 
 requirements to satisfy agency needs, solicitation and selection 
 of sources, award of contracts, contract financing, contract 
 performance, contract administration and those technical and 
 management functions directly related to the process of 
 fulfilling agency needs by contract. 

     Sec. 205.  "Recovered materials" means waste materials and 
 by-products which have been recovered or diverted from solid 
 waste, but such term does not include those materials and by- 
 products generated from, and commonly reused within, an original 
 manufacturing process (42 U.S.C. 6903 (19)). 

     Sec. 206.  "Recyclability" means the ability of a product 
 or material to be recovered from, or otherwise diverted from, 
 the solid waste stream for the purpose of recycling. 

     Sec. 207.  "Recycling" means the series of activities, 
 including collection, separation, and processing, by which 
 products or other materials are recovered from the solid waste 
 stream for use in the form of raw materials in the manufacture 
 of new products other than fuel for producing heat or power by 
 combustion. 

     Sec. 208.  "Waste prevention," also known as "source 
 reduction," means any change in the design, manufacturing, 
 purchase or use of materials or products (including packaging) 
 to reduce their amount or toxicity before they become municipal 
 solid waste.  Waste prevention also refers to the reuse of 
 products or materials. 

     Sec. 209.  "Waste reduction" means preventing or decreasing 
 the amount of waste being generated through waste prevention, 
 recycling, or purchasing recycled and environmentally preferable 
 products.  

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     Sec. 210.  "Life Cycle Cost" means the amortized annual 
 cost of a product, including capital costs, installation costs, 
 operating costs, maintenance costs and disposal costs discounted 
 over the lifetime of the product. 

     Sec. 211.  "Life Cycle Analysis" means the comprehensive 
 examination of a product's environmental and economic effects 
 throughout its lifetime including new material extraction, 
 transportation, manufacturing, use, and disposal. 

     Part 3 -  The Role Of The Federal Environmental Executive 
                 And Agency Environmental Executives 

     Sec. 301.  Federal Environmental Executive.  (a)  A Federal 
 Environmental Executive shall be designated by the President and 
 shall be located within the Environmental Protection Agency 
 ("Epa").  The Federal Environmental Executive shall take all 
 actions necessary to ensure that the agencies comply with the 
 requirements of this order and shall generate an annual report 
 to the Office of Management and Budget ("Omb"), at the time of 
 agency budget submissions, on the actions taken by the agencies 
 to comply with the requirements of this order.  In carrying out 
 his or her functions, the Federal Environmental Executive shall 
 consult with the Director of the White House Office on 
 Environmental Policy. 

     (b)  Staffing.  A minimum of four (4) full time staff 
 persons are to be provided by the agencies listed below to 
 assist the Federal Environmental Executive, one of whom shall 
 have experience in specification review and program require- 
 ments, one of whom shall have experience in procurement 
 practices, and one of whom shall have experience in solid waste 
 prevention and recycling.  These four staff persons shall be 
 appointed and replaced as follows: 

     (1)  a representative from the Department of Defense 
 shall be detailed for not less than one year and no more than 
 two years; 

     (2)  a representative from the General Services 
 Administration ("Gsa") shall be detailed for not less than 
 one year and no more than two years;  

     (3)  a representative from Epa shall be detailed for not 
 less than one year and no more than two years; and 

     (4)  a representative from one other agency determined by 
 the Federal Environmental Executive shall be detailed on a 
 rotational basis for not more than one year. 

     (c)  Administration.  Agencies are requested to make their 
 services, personnel and facilities available to the Federal 
 Environmental Executive to the maximum extent practicable for 
 the performance of functions under this order. 

     (d)  Committees and Work Groups.  The Federal Environmental 
 Executive shall establish committees and work groups to 
 identify, assess, and recommend actions to be taken to fulfill 
 the goals, responsibilities, and initiatives of the Federal 
 Environmental Executive.  As these committees and work groups 
 are created, agencies are requested to designate appropriate 
 personnel in the areas of procurement and acquisition, standards 
 and specifications, electronic commerce, facilities management, 
 waste prevention, and recycling, and others as needed to staff 
 and work on the initiatives of the Executive. 

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     (e)  Duties.  The Federal Environmental Executive, in 
 consultation with the Agency Environmental Executives, shall: 

     (1)  identify and recommend initiatives for government-wide 
 implementation that will promote the purposes of this order, 
 including: 

          (A)  the development of a federal plan for agency 
            implementation of this order and appropriate 
            incentives to encourage the acquisition of recycled 
            and environmentally preferable products by the Federal 
            Government; 

          (B)  the development of a federal implementation plan 
            and guidance for instituting economically efficient 
            federal waste prevention, energy and water efficiency 
            programs, and recycling programs within each agency; 
            and 

          (C)  the development of a plan for making maximum use 
            of available funding assistance programs; 

     (2)  collect and disseminate information electronically 
 concerning methods to reduce waste, materials that can be 
 recycled, costs and savings associated with waste prevention 
 and recycling, and current market sources of products that are 
 environmentally preferable or produced with recovered materials; 

     (3)  provide guidance and assistance to the agencies in 
 setting up and reporting on agency programs and monitoring their 
 effectiveness; and 

     (4)  coordinate appropriate government-wide education and 
 training programs for agencies. 

     Sec. 302.  Agency Environmental Executives.  Within 90 days 
 after the effective date of this order, the head of each 
 Executive department and major procuring agency shall designate 
 an Agency Environmental Executive from among his or her staff, 
 who serves at a level no lower than at the Deputy Assistant 
 Secretary level or equivalent.  The Agency Environmental 
 Executive will be responsible for: 

     (a)  coordinating all environmental programs in the areas 
 of procurement and acquisition, standards and specification 
 review, facilities management, waste prevention and recycling, 
 and logistics;  

     (b)  participating in the interagency development of a 
 Federal plan to:  

     (1)  create an awareness and outreach program for the 
 private sector to facilitate markets for environmentally 
 preferable and recycled products and services, promote new 
 technologies, improve awareness about federal efforts in this 
 area, and expedite agency efforts to procure new products 
 identified under this order; 

     (2)  establish incentives, provide guidance and coordinate 
 appropriate educational programs for agency employees; and 

     (3)  coordinate the development of standard agency reports 
 required by this order; 

     (c)  reviewing agency programs and acquisitions to ensure 
 compliance with this order. 

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     Part 4 - Acquisition Planning And Affirmative Procurement 
 Programs 

     Sec. 401.  Acquisition Planning.  In developing plans, 
 drawings, work statements, specifications, or other product 
 descriptions, agencies shall consider the following factors:  
 elimination of virgin material requirements; use of recovered 
 materials; reuse of product; life cycle cost; recyclability; use 
 of environmentally preferable products; waste prevention 
 (including toxicity reduction or elimination); and ultimate 
 disposal, as appropriate.  These factors should be considered in 
 acquisition planning for all procurements and in the evaluation 
 and award of contracts, as appropriate.  Program and acquisition 
 managers should take an active role in these activities. 

     Sec. 402.  Affirmative Procurement Programs.  The head of 
 each Executive agency shall develop and implement affirmative 
 procurement programs in accordance with Rcra section 6002 (42 
 U.S.C. 6962) and this order.  Agencies shall ensure that 
 responsibilities for preparation, implementation and monitoring 
 of affirmative procurement programs are shared between the 
 program personnel and procurement personnel.  For the purposes 
 of all purchases made pursuant to this order, Epa, in consul- 
 tation with such other Federal agencies as appropriate, shall 
 endeavor to maximize environmental benefits, consistent with 
 price, performance and availability considerations, and shall 
 adjust bid solicitation guidelines as necessary in order to 
 accomplish this goal. 

     (a)  Agencies shall establish affirmative procurement 
 programs for all designated Epa guideline items purchased by 
 their agency.  For newly designated items, agencies shall revise 
 their internal programs within one year from the date Epa 
 designated the new items. 

     (b)  For the currently designated Epa guideline items, 
 which are:  (i) concrete and cement containing fly ash; 
 (ii) recycled paper products; (iii) re-refined lubricating oil; 
 (iv) retread tires; and (v) insulation containing recovered 
 materials; and for all future guideline items, agencies shall 
 ensure that their affirmative procurement programs require that 
 100 percent of their purchases of products meet or exceed the 
 Epa guideline standards unless written justification is provided 
 that a product is not available competitively within a 
 reasonable time frame, does not meet appropriate performance 
 standards, or is only available at an unreasonable price. 

     (c)  The Agency Environmental Executives will track 
 agencies' purchases of designated Epa guideline items and report 
 agencies' purchases of such guideline items to the Federal 
 Environmental Executive.  Agency Environmental Executives will 
 be required to justify to the Federal Environmental Executive as 
 to why the item(s) have not been purchased or submit a plan for 
 how the agencies intend to increase their purchases of the 
 designated item(s). 

     (d)  Agency affirmative procurement programs, to the 
 maximum extent practicable, shall encourage that:  

     (1)  documents be transferred electronically, 

     (2)  all government documents printed internally be printed 
 double-sided, and  

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     (3)  contracts, grants, and cooperative agreements issued 
 after the effective date of this order include provisions that 
 require documents to be printed double-sided on recycled paper 
 meeting or exceeding the standards established in this order or 
 in future Epa guidelines. 

     Sec. 403.  Procurement of Existing Guideline Items.  Within 
 90 days after the effective date of this order, the head of each 
 Executive agency that has not implemented an affirmative 
 procurement program shall ensure that the affirmative 
 procurement program has been established and is being 
 implemented to the maximum extent practicable. 

     Sec. 404.  Electronic Acquisition System.  To reduce waste 
 by eliminating unnecessary paper transactions in the acquisition 
 process and to foster accurate data collection and reporting of 
 agencies' purchases of recycled content and environmentally 
 preferred products, the executive branch will implement an 
 electronic commerce system consistent with the recommendations 
 adopted as a result of the National Performance Review. 

     Part 5 - Standards, Specifications And Designation Of Items 

     Sec. 501.  Specifications, Product Descriptions and 
 Standards.  Where applicable, Executive agencies shall review 
 and revise federal and military specifications, product 
 descriptions and standards to enhance Federal procurement 
 of products made from recovered materials or that are 
 environmentally preferable.  When converting to a Commercial 
 Item Description (Cid), agencies shall ensure that environmental 
 factors have been considered and that the Cid meets or exceeds 
 the environmentally preferable criteria of the government 
 specification or product description.  Agencies shall report 
 annually on their compliance with this section to the Federal 
 Environmental Executive for incorporation into the annual report 
 to Omb referred to in section 301 of this order. 

     (a)  If an inconsistency with Rcra Section 6002 or this 
 order is identified in a specification, standard, or product 
 description, the Federal Environmental Executive shall request 
 that the Environmental Executive of the pertinent agency advise 
 the Federal Environmental Executive as to why the specification 
 cannot be revised or submit a plan for revising it within 
 60 days. 

     (b)  If an agency is able to revise an inconsistent 
 specification but cannot do so within 60 days, it is the 
 responsibility of that agency's Environmental Executive to 
 monitor and implement the plan for revising it. 

     Sec. 502.  Designation of Items that Contain Recovered 
 Materials.  In order to expedite the process of designating 
 items that are or can be made with recovered materials, Epa 
 shall institute a new process for designating these items in 
 accordance with Rcra section 6002(e) as follows.  (a)  Epa 
 shall issue a Comprehensive Procurement Guideline containing 
 designated items that are or can be made with recovered 
 materials. 

     (1)  The proposed guideline shall be published for 
 public comment in the Federal Register within 180 days after 
 the effective date of this order and shall be updated annually 
 after publication for comment to include additional items. 

     (2)  Once items containing recovered materials have been 
 designated by Epa through the new process established pursuant 
 to this section and in compliance with Rcra section 6002,  

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 agencies shall modify their affirmative procurement programs to 
 require that, to the maximum extent practicable, their purchases 
 of products meet or exceed the Epa guideline standards unless  
 written justification is provided that a product is not 
 available competitively, not available within a reasonable time 
 frame, does not meet appropriate performance standards, or is 
 only available at an unreasonable price. 

     (b)  Concurrent with the issuance of the Comprehensive 
 Procurement Guideline required by section 502(a) of this order, 
 Epa shall publish for public comment in the Federal Register 
 Recovered Material Advisory Notice(s) that present the range of 
 recovered material content levels within which the designated 
 recycled items are currently available.  These levels shall be 
 updated periodically after publication for comment to reflect 
 changes in market conditions. 

     Sec. 503.  Guidance for Environmentally Preferable 
 Products.  In accordance with this order, Epa shall issue 
 guidance that recommends principles that Executive agencies 
 should use in making determinations for the preference and 
 purchase of environmentally preferable products. 

     (a)  Proposed guidance shall be published for public 
 comment in the Federal Register within 180 days after the 
 effective date of this order, and may be updated after public 
 comment, as necessary, thereafter.  To the extent necessary, Epa 
 may issue additional guidance for public comment on how the 
 principles can be applied to specific product categories. 

     (b)  Once final guidance for environmentally preferable 
 products has been issued by Epa, Executive agencies shall use 
 these principles, to the maximum extent practicable, in 
 identifying and purchasing environmentally preferable products 
 and shall modify their procurement programs by reviewing and 
 revising specifications, solicitation procedures, and policies 
 as appropriate. 

     Sec. 504.  Minimum Content Standard for Printing and 
 Writing Paper.  Executive agency heads shall ensure that 
 agencies shall meet or exceed the following minimum materials 
 content standards when purchasing or causing the purchase of 
 printing and writing paper: 

     (a)  For high speed copier paper, offset paper, forms bond, 
 computer printout paper, carbonless paper, file folders, and 
 white woven envelopes, the minimum content standard shall be no 
 less than 20 percent postconsumer materials beginning 
 December 31, 1994.  This minimum content standard shall be 
 increased to 30 percent beginning on December 31, 1998.  

     (b)  For other uncoated printing and writing paper, such as 
 writing and office paper, book paper, cotton fiber paper, and 
 cover stock, the minimum content standard shall be 50 percent 
 recovered materials, including 20 percent postconsumer materials 
 beginning on December 31, 1994.  This standard shall be 
 increased to 30 percent beginning on December 31, 1998. 

     (c)  As an alternative to meeting the standards in sections 
 504(a) and (b), for all printing and writing papers, the minimum 
 content standard shall be no less than 50 percent recovered 
 materials that are a waste material byproduct of a finished 
 product other than a paper or textile product which would 
 otherwise be disposed of in a landfill, as determined by the 
 State in which the facility is located. 

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     (1)  The decision not to procure recycled content 
 printing and writing paper meeting the standards specified in 
 this section shall be based solely on a determination by the 
 contracting officer that a satisfactory level of competition 
 does not exist, that the items are not available within a 
 reasonable time period, or that the available items fail to 
 meet reasonable performance standards established by the agency 
 or are only available at an unreasonable price. 

     (2)  Each agency should implement waste prevention 
 techniques, as specified in section 402(d) of this order, so 
 that total annual expenditures for recycled content printing and 
 writing paper do not exceed current annual budgets for paper 
 products as measured by average annual expenditures, adjusted 
 for inflation based on the Consumer Price Index or other 
 suitable indices.  In determining a target budget for printing 
 and writing paper, agencies may take into account such factors 
 as employee increases or decreases, new agency or statutory 
 initiatives, and episodic or unique requirements (e.g., census). 

     (3)  Effective immediately, all agencies making 
 solicitations for the purchase of printing and writing paper 
 shall seek bids for paper with postconsumer material or 
 recovered waste material as described in section 504(c). 

     Sec. 505.  Revision of Brightness Specifications and 
 Standards.  The General Services Administration and other 
 Federal agencies are directed to identify, evaluate and revise 
 or eliminate any standards or specifications unrelated to 
 performance that present barriers to the purchase of paper 
 or paper products made by production processes that minimize 
 emissions of harmful byproducts.  This evaluation shall include 
 a review of unnecessary brightness and stock clause provisions, 
 such as lignin content and chemical pulp requirements.  The Gsa 
 shall complete the review and revision of such specifications 
 within six months after the effective date of this order, and 
 shall consult closely with the Joint Committee on Printing 
 during such process.  The Gsa shall also compile any information 
 or market studies that may be necessary to accomplish the 
 objectives of this provision. 

     Sec. 506.  Procurement of Re-refined Lubricating Oil and 
 Retread Tires.  Within 180 days after the effective date of this 
 order, agencies shall implement the Epa procurement guidelines 
 for re-refined lubricating oil and retread tires. 

     (a)  Commodity managers shall finalize revisions to 
 specifications for re-refined oil and retread tires, and develop 
 and issue specifications for tire retreading services, as 
 commodity managers shall take affirmative steps to procure these 
 items in accordance with Rcra section 6002. 

     (b)  Once these items become available, fleet managers 
 shall take affirmative steps to procure these items in 
 accordance with Rcra section 6002. 

     Sec. 507.  Product Testing.  The Secretary of Commerce, 
 through the National Institute of Standards and Technology 
 ("Nist"), shall establish a program for testing the performance 
 of products containing recovered materials or deemed to be 
 environmentally preferable.  Nist shall work with Epa, Gsa and 
 other public and private sector organizations that conduct 
 appropriate life cycle analyses to gather information that will 
 assist agencies in making selections of products and services 
 that are environmentally preferable. 

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     (a)  Nist shall publish appropriate reports describing 
 testing programs, their results, and recommendations for testing 
 methods and related specifications for use by Executive agencies 
 and other interested parties. 

     (b)  Nist shall coordinate with other Executive and State 
 agencies to avoid duplication with existing testing programs.  

     Part 6 - Agency Goals And Reporting Requirements 

     Sec. 601.  Goals for Waste Reduction.  Each agency shall 
 establish a goal for solid waste prevention and a goal for 
 recycling to be achieved by the year 1995.  These goals shall be 
 submitted to the Federal Environmental Executive within 180 days 
 after the effective date of this order.  Progress on attaining 
 these goals shall be reported by the agencies to the Federal 
 Environmental Executive for the annual report specified in 
 section 301 of this order. 

     Sec. 602.  Goal for Increasing the Procurement of Recycled 
 and Other Environmentally Preferable Products.  Agencies shall 
 strive to increase the procurement of products that are 
 environmentally preferable or that are made with recovered 
 materials and set annual goals to maximize the number of 
 recycled products purchased, relative to non-recycled 
 alternatives.  

     Sec. 603.  Review of Implementation.  The President's 
 Council on Integrity and Efficiency ("Pcie") will request that 
 the Inspectors General periodically review agencies' affirmative 
 procurement programs and reporting procedures to ensure their 
 compliance with this order. 

     Part 7 - Applicability And Other Requirements 

     Sec. 701.  Contractor Operated Facilities.  Contracts that 
 provide for contractor operation of a government-owned or leased 
 facility, awarded after the effective date of this order, shall 
 include provisions that obligate the contractor to comply with 
 the requirements of this order within the scope of its 
 operations.  In addition, to the extent permitted by law and 
 where economically feasible, existing contracts should be 
 modified. 

     Sec. 702.  Real Property Acquisition and Management.  
 Within 90 days after the effective date of this order, and to 
 the extent permitted by law and where economically feasible, 
 Executive agencies shall ensure compliance with the provisions 
 of this order in the acquisition and management of federally 
 owned and leased space.  Gsa and other Executive agencies shall 
 also include environmental and recycling provisions in the 
 acquisition of all leased space and in the construction of new 
 federal buildings. 

     Sec. 703.  Retention of Funds.  Within 90 days after the 
 effective date of this order, the Administrator of Gsa shall 
 develop a legislative proposal providing authority for Executive 
 agencies to retain a share of the proceeds from the sale of 
 materials recovered through recycling or waste prevention 
 programs and specifying the eligibility requirements for the 
 materials being recycled.  

     Sec. 704.  Model Facility Programs.  Each Executive 
 department and major procuring agency shall establish model 
 facility demonstration programs that include comprehensive waste 
 prevention and recycling programs and emphasize the procurement 
 of recycled and environmentally preferable products and services 
 using an electronic data interchange (Edi) system.  

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     Sec. 705.  Recycling Programs.  Each Executive agency that 
 has not already done so shall initiate a program to promote cost 
 effective waste prevention and recycling of reusable materials 
 in all of its facilities.  The recycling programs implemented 
 pursuant to this section must be compatible with applicable 
 State and local recycling requirements.  Federal agencies 
 shall also consider cooperative ventures with State and local 
 governments to promote recycling and waste reduction in the 
 community. 

     Part 8 - Awareness 

     Sec. 801.  Agency Awards Program.  A government-wide award 
 will be presented annually by the White House to the best, most 
 innovative program implementing the objectives of this order to 
 give greater visibility to these efforts so that they can be 
 incorporated government-wide. 

     Sec. 802.  Internal Agency Awards Programs.  Each agency 
 shall develop an internal agency-wide awards program, as 
 appropriate, to reward its most innovative environmental 
 programs.  Winners of agency-wide awards will be eligible for 
 the White House award program. 

     Part 9 - Revocation, Limitation And Implementation 

     Sec. 901.  Executive Order No. 12780, dated October 31, 
 1991, is hereby revoked. 

     Sec. 902.  This order is intended only to improve the 
 internal management of the executive branch and is not intended 
 to create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, 
 enforceable at law by a party against the United States, its 
 agencies, its officers, or any other person.

     Sec. 903.  The policies expressed in this order, including 
 the requirements and elements for effective agency affirmative 
 procurement programs, shall be implemented and incorporated in 
 the Federal Acquisition Regulation (Far) within 180 days after 
 the effective date of this order.  The implementation language 
 shall consist of providing specific direction and guidance on 
 agency programs for preference, promotion, estimation, 
 certification, reviewing and monitoring. 

     Sec. 904.  This order shall be effective immediately. 



                                   William J. Clinton 


 The White House, 
     October 20, 1993. 



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