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Chemical Science

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)

The Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences at Oak Ridge National Laboratory is a collaborative nanoscience user research facility for the synthesis, characterization, theory/ modeling/ simulation, and design of nanoscale materials. It is one of five Nanoscale Science Research Centers currently being established by the Office of Science, U.S. Department of Energy.


High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR)

Operating at 85 MW, HFIR provides one of the highest continuous fluxes of neutrons of any research reactor in the world, and its cold source is the brightest in the world. The neutron scattering research facilities at HFIR contain 15 world-class instruments either in operation or planned, including two cold source instruments. The thermal and cold neutrons produced by HFIR allow scientists to study the molecular and magnetic structures and behavior of a variety of materials, including high-temperature superconductors, polymers, metals, and biological samples. These studies are leading to scientific and technical advances in a wide range of fields, such as physics, chemistry, materials science, engineering, and biology. The reactor is also used for isotope production, materials irradiation, and neutron activation analysis.


Spallation Neutron Source (SNS)

SNS is an accelerator-based neutron source that provides the most intense pulsed neutron beams in the world for scientific research and industrial development. SNS is a versatile scientific tool that gives researchers more detailed snapshots of the smallest samples of physical and biological materials than ever before possible. With the suite of eventually 25 best-in-class instruments, scientists can count scattered neutrons, measure their energies and angles at which they scatter, and map their final positions. SNS allows measurements of greater sensitivity, higher speed, higher resolution, and in more complex sample environments than ever before. The diverse applications of neutron scattering research are providing opportunities for research on the structure and dynamics of materials in practically every scientific and technical field.