Tuesday, January 18, 2011
ORNL in the News

Using neutron imaging to improve energy efficiency

(Physorg.com) Neutron scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory are partnering with industry to enhance engine and commercial cooling technologies in hopes of making improvements that will optimize fuel and energy efficiency. Hassina Bilheux, a physicist and a neutron imaging scientist at ORNL, uses beam line CG-1D at the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) to image automobile engine system components, two-phase fluid components in commercial cooling systems, and electrodes used for lithium batteries...1/14

Blood-flow research at the petascale

(Physorg.com) A group of Brown University researchers is attempting to create its own three-dimensional innovation in navigation, but instead of mapping interstates and city blocks, the team is charting the vascular highway of the human body—the arterial tree..."High-performance computing makes realistic modeling of vascular and hematological diseases, from a whole organ down to protein-level representation of red blood cells, a possibility," said [George] Karniadakis, discussing the research conducted on the Cray XT5 system Kraken, the world's fastest academic supercomputer, located at the National Institute for Computational Sciences, a National Science Foundation-funded supercomputing center managed by the University of Tennessee and located at Oak Ridge National Laboratory...1/14

Neighbor lends a hand: Spallation Neutron Source's tool to probe ITER's superconducting cable

(R&D) Scientists and engineers at the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory are working with the U.S. ITER Project Office at ORNL, the Japanese Atomic Energy Agency and the ITER Organization to resolve issues with a critical component of the experimental fusion energy facility ITER. The VULCAN Engineering Diffractometer at SNS is being used to examine superconducting cables for ITER's central solenoid magnet, which induces the electrical current needed to confine and shape the plasma inside the reactor...1/14

DOE

87-year-old retired Oak Ridge chemist honored

(AP) A man described as "the face of Oak Ridge" has become the East Tennessee Economic Council's latest "Muddy Boot" inductee. Eighty-seven-year-old William Jenkins Wilcox Jr., also known as Bill, is a retired chemist at the Y-12 National Security Complex. Wilcox is now the official historian for the city and has devoted his last 10 years to helping tell the story of Oak Ridge and its role in World War II. The Muddy Boot Award is named after the sea of mud that was Oak Ridge in its very early construction years from 1942 to 1945...1/18

Governor-elect 'swings' into Oak Ridge

(Oak Ridger) Bill Haslam, who will become Tennessee's 49th governor when he is sworn in on Saturday, visited Y-12's New Hope Center on Thursday morning. "Y-12 is kind of the quieter giant around here," said Haslam during a discussion with local Department of Energy officials about the missions of the Y-12 National Security Complex and Oak Ridge National Laboratory...1/16

 

USEC working, waiting in Oak Ridge

(Knoxville News Sentinel) Bob Eby, USEC's site manager at Oak Ridge, said the technology and manufacturing program is "going very, very well" and Oak Ridge employment remains pretty stable at about 400 -- 200 USEC employees and a roughly equal number of folks working for B&W Clinch River...1/17

National

U.S. to Take Bolder Tack for Chinese Leader’s Visit

(NY Times) President Hu Jintao of China is coming to town Tuesday, and American officials say President Obama will be taking a far more assertive stance as he greets his biggest global economic rival...1/17

East Tennessee

Alcoa to promote science at local schools by sponsoring UT solar team, supporting youth awards

(Knoxville News Sentinel) Alcoa Inc. has announced two separate efforts to promote science education at Knoxville area middle and high schools and at the University of Tennessee...1/15

UT scientists discover source of lunar water

(The Daily Beacon) UT researchers have recently uncovered the probable source of water deposits left on the lunar surface...1/18

Gray fossil museum begins big project

(AP) A life-size skeleton cast of a triceratops is being built at the Gray Fossil Site...1/17

State & Regional

Jury still out on switchgrass

(Knoxville news Sentinel) Switching to biofuels may sound like a great alternative path to energy independence and environmental sustainability, but do the benefits outweigh the costs...1/18

Solar plant to begin generating power for TVA

(AP) The largest solar electrical generation plant within the seven-state Tennessee Valley Authority is scheduled to begin generating electricity this week in Jackson...1/17

energy & science policy

Inside Energy Extra

1/18 A daily report on U.S. energy policy
[ORNL users only]
- Votes seen to stop EPA regulation
- BOEM gets 9 Md. wind responses
- Interior, DOE plan 14 solar meetings
- NRC delays target for Areva design
- Oncor CEO to chair smart-grid group

science & technology

Recalling a Fallen Star’s Legacy in High-Energy Particle Physics

(NY Times) The machine known as the Tevatron is four miles around. Bison graze nearby on the 6,800 acres of former farmland occupied by the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia, Ill. Occasionally, physicists run races around the top of it...1/17

Self-Assembling Structures Open Door to New Class of Materials

(Science Daily) Researchers at the University of Illinois and Northwestern University have demonstrated bio-inspired structures that self-assemble from simple building blocks: spheres...1/15

Going "All The Way" With Renewable Energy?

(National Geographic News) ...In a world where fossil fuel provides more than 80 percent of energy, what would it take to go completely green? Could the world switch over to power from only the wind, sun, waves, and heat from the Earth in only a few decades?...1/17

Other Stories

Duvalier Meets With Advisers as Haiti Holds Its Breath

(NY Times) One year after Haiti was hit by a devastating earthquake that killed more than 200,000 people, the country grappled on Monday to absorb yet another potentially destabilizing blow: the surprising return of the former dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier, whose emergence from nearly a quarter-century in exile prompted condemnations from around the world and ignited new fears of conflict...1/17

Homeland Security Junks Billion Dollar ‘Virtual Fence’

(Wired News) It only took nearly a year of hiatus and $1 billion in sunk costs, but the Department of Homeland Security has finally gotten rid of the networked suite of sensors that made up its virtual border fence. But some of its technology may live on as zombie border protection...1/14

Bioterror Fears Prompt U.S. to Keep Its Smallpox Cache

(Wall Street Journal) The U.S. and Russia will fight international efforts this week to set a deadline to destroy the last known stocks of smallpox, saying the deadly virus is needed for research to combat bioterrorism...1/18

Police turn to drones for domestic surveillance

(USA Today) Police agencies around the USA soon could have a new tool in their crime-fighting arsenal: unmanned aircraft inspired by the success of such drones on the battlefields of Iraq and Afghanistan...1/14