Thursday, October 6, 2011
ORNL in the News

Story Tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, October 2011

(Newswise) RACING -- Green checkered flag...Getting to the finish line quickest with the least environmental impact is what’s driving the Green Racing initiative that has made its way to Oak Ridge National Laboratory. SENSORS -- Detection from afar...A new instrument able to detect chemical residues from a distance overcomes a number of problems that have plagued laser-based detectors of the past, according to Marissa Morales of Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s Measurement Science and Systems Engineering Division. SOFTWARE -- BitTorrent tracker...People who engage in illegal activities using the file sharing capabilities of BitTorrent could one day face prosecution because of a technology being developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. CYBERSECURITY -- One step ahead...Sophisticated hackers who have enjoyed recent success infiltrating high-profile companies might not have been so fortunate if a new Oak Ridge National Laboratory system had been in place. NANOCOMPOSITES -- Neutrons pierce polymers...Industrial users from DuPont in Wilmington, Del., are working with neutron instruments at the Spallation Neutron Source and High Flux Isotope Reactor to solve materials problems that can’t be solved in any other way...10/4

U.S. unlikely to hit advanced biofuel goal, study says

(Reuters) The United States will likely fail to reach its long-term mandate for making advanced ethanol from trees, grasses and crop waste unless producers innovate significantly, a scientific advisory group said on Tuesday....Virginia Dale, a biofuels fellow at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee who helped produce the study, said it did not use the most recent government data available and used models not specifically designed for biofuels, so cost estimates for producing some biofuels may be exaggerated...10/4

U.S. invests $156M into ‘groundbreaking’ clean energy projects

(Smartplanet.com) ...The funds come from the DOE’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy, a program modeled after the Department of Defense’s DARPA that gives grants to high-risk early stage companies working on breakthrough technology. QM Power and partners Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Smith Electric Vehicles and the University of Delaware received $2.32 million to develop a new type of electric motor for advanced electric vehicles...10/5

Scientists develop new technique for understanding quantum effects in water

(University of Bath News) This new technique allowed the collaborative team from the University of Bath, Institut Laue‐Langevin, Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Stanford University to validate a new theoretical model for water’s structure by measuring subtle differences between the molecular organisation of light and heavy water that result from quantum mechanics...10/5

DOE

Obama Administration Announces Job-Creating Grid Modernization Pilot Projects

(DOE Press Release) Demonstrating its commitment to job creation and modernizing America’s infrastructure, the Obama Administration today announced it would accelerate the permitting and construction of seven proposed electric transmission lines...10/5

State & Regional

New evaluations run off Tennessee teachers

(The Tennessean) ...As part of Tennessee’s $500 million federal Race to the Top grant to make massive public school improvements, the state promised to evaluate teachers more strictly each year...10/5

National

Steve Jobs, Apple’s Visionary, Dies at 56

(NY Times) Steven P. Jobs, the visionary co-founder of Apple who helped usher in the era of personal computers and then led a cultural transformation in the way music, movies and mobile communications were experienced in the digital age, died Wednesday. He was 56...10/6

East Tennessee

Biggest demolition project in Oak Ridge history complete

(Oak Ridger) The U.S. Department of Energy's Oak Ridge Environmental Management program recently completed its largest demolition project to date...10/5

energy & science policy

NRC Report on NASA’s Meteoroid and Orbital Debris Programs

(AIP) A report by the National Research Council reviews NASA’s programs to track orbital debris and meteoroids...10/4

Inside Energy Extra

10/5 A daily report on U.S. energy policy
[ORNL users only]
- House bill targets WAPA loan authority
- Green groups sue to stop Keystone
- Bill links ethanol use to corn supply
- Test to speed grid approvals unveiled
- NRC staff urges post-Fukushima actions

science & technology

The 2011 Nobel Prize in Chemistry Honors Discoverer of Quasicrystals

(Scientific American) The 2011 Nobel Prize in chemistry went today to Daniel Shechtman of the Technion--Israel Institute of Technology for the discovery of quasicrystals--infinite, nonrepeating ordered materials...10/5

Physicists Move One Step Closer to Quantum Computer

(Science Daily) Rice University physicists have created a tiny "electron superhighway" that could one day be useful for building a quantum computer, a new type of computer that will use quantum particles in place of the digital transistors found in today's microchips...10/5

Researchers change the color and shape of a single photon

(Physorg.com) A team of researchers from the CNST and ITL has simultaneously changed the color and shape of a single photon, the smallest unit of light...10/6

Scientists report possibly crucial advance in human embryonic stem cell research

(Washington Post) Scientists reported Wednesday that for the first time they used cloning techniques to coax human eggs to generate embryonic stem cells containing the genes of specific patients...10/5

Other Stories

IMF warns that countries may need to reverse cuts

(BBC News) Europe's stronger economies should avoid imposing drastic budget cuts at the expense of growth, a report by the International Monetary Fund has said...10/5

After decade of war, Afghans mull Taliban return

(Reuters) Wakil Ahmad Muttawakil, a former right hand man to the reclusive, one-eyed leader of the Taliban, believes there is only one way to end a decade of fighting in Afghanistan. Return the hardline Islamists to power...10/6