Publications

Papers 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 Older

Presentations 2012 2011

Reports 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 Older

Papers

2013

Rukun Mao, Yan Xu, Huijuan Li, Husheng Li, "Wireless communication for controlling microgrids: co-simulation and performance evaluation," submitted to IEEE Power System Society Genera Meeting 2013.

S. Adhikari, F. Li, Y. Xu, H. Li, "PQ and PV control of photovoltaic generators in distribution systems", submitted to IEEE Transactions on Power Systems.

2012

Y. Xu, H. Li, L. M. Tolbert, “Inverter-Based Microgrid Control and Stable Islanding Transition,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, Raleigh, North Carolina, September 15-20, 2012.

H. Li, Y. Xu, S. Adhikari, F. Li, D. T. Rizy, P. Irminger, “Real and Reactive Power Control of a Three-Phase Single-Stage PV System and PV Voltage Stability,” IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 21-25, 2012, San Diego, California.

Huijuan Li, Fangxing Li, Yan Xu, D. Tom Rizy and Sarina Adhikari, "Autonomous and Adaptive Voltage Control using Multiple Distributed Energy Resources," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, pp. 1-13, 2012.

L.GopiReddy, L. M. Tolbert, B. Ozpineci, Y. Xu, T. Rizy, “Reliability of IGBT in a STATCOM for Harmonic Compensation and Power Factor Correction,” IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference, Orlando, Florida, Feb. 5-9, 2012, pp. 783-788.

2011

L. GopiReddy, L. M. Tolbert, B. Ozpineci, Y. Xu, T. Rizy, “Impact of power factor correction and harmonics compensation by STATCOM on converter temperature,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, pp. 1928-1934, 2011.

2010

M. C. Kisacikoglu, B. Ozpineci, L. M. Tolbert, “Effects of V2G Reactive Power Compensation on the Component Selection in a Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Bidirectional Charger,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, Atlanta, Georgia, Sep. 12-16, 2010.

Y. Xu, H. Li, D. T. Rizy, F. Li, J. D. Kueck, "Instantaneous Active Power and Nonactive Power Control of Distributed Energy Resources with a Current Limiter", IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, Atlanta, Georgia, Sep. 12-16, 2010.

Huijuan Li, Fangxing Li, Yan Xu, D. Tom Rizy, and John D. Kueck, "Adaptive Voltage Control with Distributed Energy Resources: Algorithm, Theoretical Analysis, Simulation and Field Test Verification," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 1638-1647 (H. Li won the 1st Place Award at Student Poster Contest at GM09 based on this paper), August 2010.

Y. Xu, L. M. Tolbert, J. D. Kueck, D. T. Rizy, "Voltage and Current Unbalance Compensation Using a STATCOM," IET Proceedings on Power Electronics, vol. 3, pp. 977-988, 2010.

Fangxing Li, Yanli Wei, Sarina Adhikari, "Improving an Unjustified Common Practice in Ex Post LMP Calculation," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, accepted for publication, 2010.

Chinthavali, M.; Tolbert, L.M.; Zhang, H.; Han, J.H.; Barlow, F.; Ozpineci, B.; "High power SiC modules for HEVs and PHEVs", 2010 International Power Electronics Conference (IPEC), 2010, pp. 1842 - 1848.

M. C. Kisacikoglu, B. Ozpineci, L. M. Tolbert, “Examination of a PHEV Bidirectional Charger System for V2G Reactive Power Compensation,” IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference, Palm Springs, California, Feb. 21-25, 2010, pp. 458 - 465.

H. Zhang, M. Chinthavali, L. M. Tolbert, J. H. Han, F. Barlow, "18 kW Three Phase Inverter System Using Hermetically Sealed SiC Phase-Leg Power Modules," IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference, Palm Springs, California, Feb. 21-25, 2010, pp. 1108-1112.

Chaitanya A. Baone, Yan Xu, John D. Kueck, "Local Voltage Support from Distributed Energy Resources to Prevent Air Conditioner Motor Stalling", IEEE PES Conference On Innovative Smart Grid Technologies, Washington DC, USA, Jan. 19 - 21, 2010.

2009

S. W. Hadley and A. Tsvetkova, “Potential Impacts of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Regional Power Generation”, The Electricity Journal, Vol. 22, Issue 10, Elsevier Publishing Co., November 2009.

Adhikari, S.; Fangxing Li; Huijuan Li; Yan Xu; Kueck, J.D.; Rizy, D.T.; "Preventing delayed voltage recovery with voltage-regulating distributed energy resources ", PowerTech, 2009 IEEE Bucharest, pp. 1 - 6, 2009.

Y. Mishra, S. Mishra, Fangxing Li, Z. Y. Dong, R. C. Bansal, "Small Signal Stability Analysis of a DFIG Based Wind Power System With Tuned Damping Controller Under Super/Sub-Synchronous Mode of Operation," IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 24, Dec. 2009, pp. 972 - 982.

Y. Mishra, S. Mishra, Fangxing Li, Z. Y. Dong, "Small Signal Stability Analysis of a DFIG Based Wind Power System With Tuned Damping Controller Under Super/Sub-Synchronous Mode of Operation," IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, 2009. PES '09, 26-30 July 2009.

Huijuan Li, Fangxing Li, Yan Xu, D. Tom Rizy, John D. Kueck, "Decentralized Adaptive Voltage Control with Distributed Energy Resources," IEEE Transactions on Powre Systems, under review, 2009.

Fangxing Li, "Application of Ordinal Optimization for Distribution Reconfiguration," International Journal on Power System Optimization, under review, 2009.

Fangxing Li, "Application of Ordinal Optimization for Distribution Reconfiguration," Power Systems Conference and Exposition, 2009. PES '09. IEEE/PES, 15-18 March 2009 pp. 1 - 8.

Wenjuan Zhang, Fangxing Li, and Leon M. Tolbert, "Voltage Stability Constrained OPF for Reactive Power Planning: Model Simplification with Interpolation Method," International Journal on Electrical Power and Energy Systems, under review, 2009.

Wenjuan Zhang, Fangxing Li, and Leon M. Tolbert, "Voltage Stability Constrained OPF for Reactive Power Planning: Model Simplification with Interpolation Method," Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition, 2008. T&D. IEEE/PES, 21-24 April 2008 pp. 1 - 6.

Fangxing Li, "Fully Reference-Independent LMP Decomposition," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, under review, 2009.

Rui Bo and Fangxing Li, "Probabilistic LMP Forecasting Considering Load Uncertainty," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Aug. 2009, vol. 24, pp.1279 - 1289.

Fangxing Li and Rui Bo, "Congestion and Price Prediction under Load Variation," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, May 2009, vol. 24, pp. 911 - 922.

Zhe Chen, Fangxing Li, Lingling Fan and Pei Zhang, "Review of PMU Technology for Power System Real-time Applications," WSEAS Transactions on Power Systems, accepted, 2009.

Fangxing Li and Nura Sabir, "Assessment of Reliability Improvement with Utility-Connected DG," WSEAS Transactions on Power Systems, accepted, 2009.

Y. Mishra, S. Mishra, Fangxing Li, and Z. Y. Dong, "Small signal stability analysis of a DFIG based wind power system with tuned damping controller under Super/Sub-synchronous mode of operation," IEEE PES General Meeting 2009, Calgary, Canada, July 26-30, 2009.

S. Mishra, Y. Mishra, Fangxing Li, and Z. Y. Dong, "TS-Fuzzy Controlled DFIG Based Wind Energy Conversion Systems," IEEE PES General Meeting 2009, Calgary, Canada, July 26-30, 2009.

Zhenhua Jiang, Fangxing Li, Pei Zhang, et al, "A Vision of Smart Transmission Grids," IEEE PES General Meeting 2009, Calgary, Canada, July 26-30, 2009.

Fangxing Li and Rui Bo, "Congestion and Price Prediction under Load Variation," IEEE PES General Meeting 2009, Calgary, Canada, July 26-30, 2009.

Fangxing Li, Pei Zhang, and Navin Bhatt, "Next Generation Monitoring and Control Functions for Future Control Centers," (invited panel paper) IEEE PES General Meeting 2009, Calgary, Canada, July 26-30, 2009.

Fangxing Li, Hui Yuan, and Kevin Tomsovic, "Integrated Generation and Transmission Planning Tools: An Academic Perspective," (invited panel paper) IEEE PES General Meeting 2009, Calgary, Canada, July 26-30, 2009.

Sarina Adhikari, Fangxing Li, and Zhenyuan Wang, "Online Restoration for Distribution Automation using Constructive Back-Feed Algorithm," (invited panel paper) IEEE PES General Meeting 2009, Calgary, Canada, July 26-30, 2009.

Ernst Camm, Reigh Walling, Nadar Samaan, Travis Smith, Fangxing Li, Michael Starke, et al, "Characteristics of Wind Turbine Generators for Wind Power Plant," IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, 2009. PES '09, Calgary, Canada, July 26-30, 2009.

Ernst Camm, Reigh Walling, Nadar Samaan, Travis Smith, Fangxing Li, Michael Starke, et al, "Wind Power Plant Collector System Design Considerations," IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, 2009. PES '09, Calgary, Canada, July 26-30, 2009.

Ernst Camm, Reigh Walling, Nadar Samaan, Travis Smith, Fangxing Li, Michael Starke, et al, "Wind Power Plant Substation and Collector System Redundancy, Reliability, and Economics," IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, 2009. PES '09, Calgary, Canada, July 26-30, 2009.

Ernst Camm, Reigh Walling, Nadar Samaan, Travis Smith, Fangxing Li, Michael Starke, et al, "Wind Plant Grounding, Overvoltage Protection, and Insulation Coordination," IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, 2009. PES '09, Calgary, Canada, July 26-30, 2009.

Ernst Camm, Reigh Walling, Nadar Samaan, Travis Smith, Fangxing Li, Michael Starke, et al, "Reactive Power Compensation for Wind Power Plants," IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, 2009. PES '09, Calgary, Canada, July 26-30, 2009.

Fangxing Li, Pei Zhang, and Lingling Fan, "Vision and Challenges of Self-Healing Protection and Control," (accepted) The International Conference on Electrical Engineering (ICEE) 2009, Shenyang, China, July 5-9, 2009.

Ming Chen, Clinton Nolan, Xiaorui Wang, Sarina Adhikari, Fangxing Li, Hairong Qi, "Hierarchical Utilization Control for Real-Time and Resilient Power Grid," 21st Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 09), Dublin, Ireland, July 1-3, 2009.

Sarina Adhikari, Fangxing Li, Huijuan Li, Yan Xu, John D. Kueck, and D. Tom Rizy, "Modeling Stalled Induction Motors with Voltage-Regulating Distributed Energy Resources," PowerTech Conference 2009, Bucharest, Romania, June 28-July 02, 2009.

Ashwini Chegu and Fangxing Li, "An Overview of Analysis of Cascading Failures and High-order Contingency Events," Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC), Wuhan, China, March 28-30, 2009.

Fangxing Li, H. Li, P. Zhang and X. Zhao, "Optimal Utilization of Transmission Capacity to Reduce Congestion with Distributed FACTS," Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC), Wuhan, China, March 28-30, 2009.

Rui Bo and Fangxing Li, "Impact of Load Forecast Uncertainty on LMP," IEEE PES Power Systems Conf. and Expo. (PSCE) 2009, Seattle, WA, March 15-18, 2009.

Fangxing Li, "Application of Ordinal Optimization for Distribution Reconfiguration," IEEE PES Power Systems Conf. and Expo. (PSCE) 2009, Seattle, WA, March 15-18, 2009.

Arif Karakas, Fangxing Li, and Sarina Adhikari, "Aggregation of Multiple Induction Motors using MATLAB-based Software Package," IEEE PES Power Systems Conf. and Expo. (PSCE) 2009, Seattle, WA, March 15-18, 2009.

Christopher Tufon, Alan Isemonger, Brendan Kirby, John Kueck, and Fangxing Li, "A Tariff for Reactive Power," IEEE PES Power Systems Conf. and Expo. (PSCE) 2009, Seattle, WA, March 15-18, 2009.

Pei Zhang, Zhenyu Huang, Fangxing Li, et al, "Vulnerability Assessment for Cascading Failures in Electric Power Systems," IEEE PES Power Systems Conf. and Expo. (PSCE) 2009, Seattle, WA, March 15-18, 2009.

Fangxing Li and Pei Zhang, "Next Generation Monitoring and Control for Power Systems," EPRI Report, Palo Alto, CA, 2009.

Fangxing Li, Lingling Fan, and Pei Zhang, "A Vision of Self-Healing Protection and Control," EPRI Report, Palo Alto, CA, 2009.

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2008

Fangxing Li, "Smoothing out Step Changes of LMP," The Electricity Journal, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 43-49, August-September 2008.

M. Starke, L. M. Tolbert, B. Ozpineci, “AC vs. DC Distribution: A Loss Comparison,” IEEE PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition, Chicago, Illinois, April 21-24, 2008, 7 pages.

Yan Xu, Fangxing Li, D. Tom Rizy, and John D. Kueck, “Active power and nonactive power control of distributed energy resources”, The 40th North American Power Symposium, September 28 – 30, 2008, Calgary Canada.

Yan Xu, Leon M. Tolbert, John D. Kueck, D. Tom Rizy, “Voltage and current compensation using a STATCOM”, IET Power Electronics, submitted.

B. Kirby, J. Kueck, T. Laughner, K. Morris, 2008, Spinning Reserve from Hotel Load Response, Electricity Journal, Dec., 2008, Vol. 21, Issue 10

Fangxing Li, Wenjuan Zhang, Leon M. Tolbert, John D. Kueck and D. Tom Rizy, "A Framework to Quantitatively Evaluate the Economic Benefits from Reactive Power Compensation," International Review of Electrical Engineering, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 989-998, December 2008.

Yan Xu, Fangxing Li, Huijuan Li, D. Tom Rizy, and John. D. Kueck, "Using Distributed Energy Resources to Supply Reactive Power for Dynamic Voltage Regulation," International Review of Electrical Engineering, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 795-802, October 2008.

Fangxing Li, "Smoothing out Step Changes of LMP," The Electricity Journal, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 43-49, August-September 2008.

Zhe Chen, Fangxing Li, Lingling Fan and Pei Zhang, "Review of PMU-based Online Applications for Dynamic Simulation, Fault Detection, and Cascading Failure," Proceedings of WSEAS International Conference on Electric Power Systems, High Voltages, Electric Machines (Power'08), Venice, Italy, November 21-23, 2008.

Fangxing Li and Nura Sabir, "Monte Carlo Simulation to Evaluate the Reliability Improvement with DG connected to Distribution Systems," Proceedings of WSEAS International Conference on Electric Power Systems, High Voltages, Electric Machines (Power'08), Venice, Italy, November 21-23, 2008.

Fangxing Li, Zhe Chen, Lingling Fan, and Pei Zhang, "Toward a Self-Healing Protection and Control System," North American Power Symposium (NAPS) 2008, Calgary, Canada, Sept. 28-30, 2008.

Rui Bo and Fangxing Li, "Power Flow Studies Using Principle Component Analysis," North American Power Symposium (NAPS) 2008, Calgary, Canada, Sept. 28-30, 2008.

A. Nagari, I. Elhanany, B. Thompson, Fangxing Li, and T. King, "Parallel Processing Architecture for Solving Large-Scale Linear Systems," 2008 International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Processing Techniques and Applications (PDPTA'08), July 2008.

Pei Zhang, Ian Dobson, Fangxing Li, et al, "Review of Methods for Cascading Failure in Electric Power Transmission Systems," (invited) IEEE PES General Meeting 2008, Pittsburgh, PA, July 20-24, 2008.

Huijuan Li, Fangxing Li, Yan Xu, Tom Rizy and John Kueck, "Voltage regulation with multiple distributed energy resources," (invited) IEEE PES General Meeting 2008, Pittsburgh, PA, July 20-24, 2008.

Michael Starke, Fangxing Li, Leon M. Tolbert, and Burak Ozpineci, "AC vs. DC: Maximum Transfer Capability," IEEE PES General Meeting 2008, Pittsburgh, PA, July 20-24, 2008.

Fangxing Li, "Continuous Locational Marginal Pricing (CLMP)," IEEE PES General Meeting 2008, Pittsburgh, PA, July 20-24, 2008

Rui Bo, Fangxing Li, and Chaoming Wang, "Congestion Prediction for ACOPF Framework Using Quadratic Interpolation," IEEE PES General Meeting 2008, Pittsburgh, PA, July 20-24, 2008.

Huijuan Li, Fangxing Li, Yan Xu, Tom Rizy, and John Kueck, "Interaction of multiple distributed energy resources in voltage regulation", IEEE PES General Meeting 2008, Pittsburgh, PA, July 20-24, 2008.

Shawn Henry, D. Tom Rizy, Thomas L. Baldwin, John D. Kueck, and Fangxing Li, "The application of droop-control in distributed energy resources to extend the voltage collapse margin," IEEE IAS Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Technical Conference 2008 (ICPS 2008), May 4-8, 2008.

Wenjuan Zhang, Fangxing Li, and Leon M. Tolbert, "Voltage Stability Constrained Optimal Power Flow (VSCOPF) with Two Sets of Variables (TSV) for Reactive Power Planning," IEEE PES Transmission and Distribution Conf and Expo, Chicago, IL, April 21-24, 2008.

Wenjuan Zhang, Fangxing Li, and Leon M. Tolbert, "Review of Static Reactive Power Planning: Objectives, Constraints, and Algorithms," IEEE PES Transmission and Distribution Conf and Expo, Chicago, IL, April 21-24, 2008.

Fangxing Li and Rui Bo, "DCOPF-based LMP Calculation: Algorithm, Comparison with ACOPF, and Sensitivity," IEEE PES Transmission and Distribution Conf and Expo, Chicago, IL, April 21-24, 2008.

Wenjuan Zhang, Fangxing Li, and Leon M. Tolbert, "Var Compensation Economic Benefit Considering Marginal Generation Cost," the 3rd IEEE International Conference on Electric Utility Deregulation, Restructuring, and Power Technology (DRPT2008), Nanjing, China, April 6-9, 2008.

Rui Bo and Fangxing Li, "Sensitivity of LMP Using an Iterative DCOPF Model," the 3rd IEEE International Conference on Electric Utility Deregulation, Restructuring, and Power Technology (DRPT2008), Nanjing, China, April 6-9, 2008.

Rui Bo and Fangxing Li, "Comparison of LMP Simulation Using Two DCOPF Algorithms and the ACOPF Algorithm," the 3rd IEEE International Conference on Electric Utility Deregulation, Restructuring, and Power Technology (DRPT2008), Nanjing, China, April 6-9, 2008.

B. Kirby, M. Milligan, 2008, "An Examination of Capacity and Ramping Impacts of Wind Energy on Power Systems," Electricity Journal, Aug./Sept. 2008, Vol. 21, Issue 7

H. Holttinen, M. Milligan, B. Kirby, T. Acker, V. Neimane, T. Molinski, 2008, "Using Standard Deviation as a Measure of Increased Operational Reserve Requirement for Wind Power," Wind Engineering, Volume 32, No. 4

B. Kirby, M. Milligan, "The Impact of Balancing Area Size, Obligation Sharing, and Energy Markets on Mitigating Ramping Requirements in Systems with Wind Energy," Wind Engineering, Volume 32, No. 4, 2008

M. Milligan, B. Kirby, "The Impact of Balancing Area Size and Ramping Requirements on Wind Integration," Wind Engineering, Volume 32, No. 4, 2008

B. Kirby, M. Milligan, "Facilitating Wind Development: The Importance of Electric Industry Structure," The Electricity Journal, Volume 21, Issue 3, April, and National Renewable Energy Lab, NREL/TP-500-43251, May 2008.

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2007

Hadley, Stanton W., “Evaluating the Impact of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Regional Electricity Supplies”, Paper prepared for the Bulk Power System Dynamics and Control – VII Conference, August 19-24, 2007, Charleston, South Carolina, USA.

English , Burton C., Kim Jensen, Jamey Menard, Marie E. Walsh, Craig Brandt, Jim Van Dyke, and Stanton Hadley, “Economic Impacts of Carbon Taxes and Biomass Feedstock Usage in Southeastern United States Coal Utilities”, Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, 39,1(April 2007):103-119.

Y. Xu, L. M. Tolbert, J. N. Chiasson, F. Z. Peng, J. B. Campbell, “Generalized instantaneous nonactive power theory for STATCOM,” IET Electric Power Applications, vol. 1, no. 6, Nov. 2007, pp. 853-861.

Y. Xu, F. Li, J. D. Kueck, and D. T. Rizy, “Experiment and Simulation of Dynamic Voltage Regulation with Multiple Distributed Energy Resources,” IREP Symposium 2007 - Bulk Power System Dynamics and Control, Charleston, SC, August 2007.

Y. Xu, L. M. Tolbert, J. D. Kueck, D. T. Rizy, “Nonactive-power-related ancillary services provided by distributed energy resources,” IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting, June 24-28, 2007, Tampa, Florida.

Y. Xu, L. M. Tolbert, J. D. Kueck, “Voltage and current unbalance compensation using a parallel active filter,” IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference, June 17-21, 2007, Orlando, Florida.

Y. Xu, D. T. Rizy, F. Li, and J. D. Kueck, “Dynamic Voltage Regulation Using Distributed Energy Resources,” Proceedings of CIRED 2007, Vienna, Austria, May 20-24, 2007.

Wenjuan Zhang, Fangxing Li, and Leon M. Tolbert, "Review of Reactive Power Planning: Objectives, Constraints, and Algorithms," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 2177-2186, November 2007.

Fangxing Li, "Continuous Locational Marginal Pricing (CLMP)," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 1638-1646, November 2007.

Fangxing Li and Rui Bo, "DCOPF-based LMP Simulation: Algorithm, Comparison with ACOPF, and Sensitivity," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 1475-1485, November 2007.

Wenjuan Zhang, Fangxing Li, and Leon M. Tolbert, "Analysis of Var Benefits with Application to Var Planning," Proceedings of the 8th International Power Engineering Conference (IPEC) 2007, pp. 163-169, Singapore, December 3-6, 2007.

R. Zavadil, N. Miller, A. Ellis, E. Muljadi, E. Camm, and, B. Kirby, "Queuing Up," IEEE Power & Energy Magazine, Volume 5, Number 6, November/December 2007.

B. Kirby, K. Porter, "Increasing Renewable Resources: How ISOs and RTOs are Helping Meet This Public Policy Objective," ISO/RTO Council, October 2007.

B. Kirby, J. Kueck, H. Leake, M. Muhlheim, "Nuclear Generating Stations and Transmission Grid Reliability," North American Power Symposium, September 2007.

Y. Wan, M. Milligan, B. Kirby, "Impact of Energy Imbalance Tariff on Wind Energy," American Wind Energy Association, WindPower 2007, June 2007.

B. Kirby, "Load Response Fundamentally Matches Power System Reliability Requirements," IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting, June 2007.

B. Kirby, "Ancillary Services: Technical and Commercial Insights," Wartsila North America Inc. June 2007.

M. Milligan, B. Kirby, "The Impact of Balancing Areas Size, Obligation Sharing, and Ramping Capability on Wind Integration," American Wind Energy Association, WindPower 2007, June 2007.

G. Heffner, C. Goldman, B. Kirby, M. Kintner-Meyer, "Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience," ORNL/TM 2007/060, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, May 2007.

B. Kirby, "Evaluating Transmission Costs and Wind Benefits in Texas: Examining the ERCOT CREZ Transmission Study," The Wind Coalition and Electric Transmission Texas, LLC, Texas PUC Docket NO. 33672, April 2007.

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2006

John D. Kueck, Brendan Kirby, D. Tom Rizy, Fangxing Li, and Ndeye Fall, "Reactive Power from Distributed Energy," The Electricity Journal, vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 27-38, December 2006.

Fangxing Li, Wenjuan Zhang, Leon M. Tolbert, John D. Kueck, and D. Tom Rizy, "Assessment of the Economic Benefits from Reactive Power Compensation," Proceeding of the IEEE Power Systems Conference and Exposition 2006, pp. 1767-1773, Atlanta, GA, October 2006.

Fangxing Li, Rui Bo, and Wenjuan Zhang, "Comparison of Different LMP Calculations in Power Market Simulation," Proceedings of the 5th IEEE International Conference on Power System Technology 2006 (PowerCon 2006), Chongqing, China, October 22-26, 2006.

O’Neal, Jesse, Bob Imhoff, Jerry Condrey, and Stan Hadley, "The Effectiveness of Energy Conservation for Reducing 2018 Emissions: An application of the Assessment of Environmental Benefits (AEB) Modeling System undertaken on behalf of VISTAS", Baron Advanced Meteorological Systems, October 2006.

Wenjuan Zhang, Fangxing Li, and Leon M. Tolbert, "Optimal Allocation of Shunt Dynamic Var Source SVC and STATCOM: A Survey," Proceedings of the 7th IEE International Conference on Advances in Power System Control,Operation and Management (APSCOM), Hong Kong, China, October 30-November 2, 2006.

Hadley, Stanton W., David J. Erickson III, Jose Luis Hernandez, Christine T. Broniak, T. J. Blasing, “Responses of energy use to climate change: A climate modeling study”, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 33, L17703, doi:10.1029/2006GL026652, September 2006.

Henry Chao, Fangxing Li, Jiuping Pan, Murale Gopinathan, and Peter Wong, "Quick Start Resource Requirements in Southwestern Connecticut," Proceedings of the IEEE PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Expo 2005-2006, Dallas, TX, May 2006.

Y. Xu, L. M. Tolbert, J. N. Chiasson, J. B. Campbell, F. Z. Peng, “Active Filter Implementation Using a Generalized Nonactive Power Theory,IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting, October 8-12, 2006, pp. 153-160, Tampa, Florida.

J. Kueck, B. Kirby, T. Rizy, F. Li, N. Fall, "Economics of Reactive Power Supply from Distributed Energy Resources," Electricity Journal, December 2006.

B. Kirby, "M. Milligan, E. Wan, "Cost-Causation-Based Tariffs for Wind Ancillary Service Impacts," American Wind Energy Association, WindPower 2006, June 2006.

M. Milligan, H. Shiu, B. Kirby, K. Jackson, "A Multi-Year Analysis of Renewable Energy Impacts in California: Results from the Renewable Portfolio Standards Integration Cost Analysis," American Wind Energy Association, WindPower 2006, June 2006.

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2005

H. Shiu, M. Milligan, B. Kirby, K. Jackson, "California Renewables Portfolio Standard Renewable Generation Integration Cost Analysis: Multi-Year Analysis Results and Recommendations," The California Energy Commission, December 2005.

Hadley, S. W. and Stovall, T. K., “DER: Hastening Genco Obsolescence?” Public Utilities Fortnightly, 143(5), 30-33, May 2005.

Hadley, S. W., Van Dyke, J. W., and Stovall, T. K., “Distributed Energy Resources: Benefit Values in Hard Numbers,” Public Utilities Fortnightly, 143(4), 30-33, April 2005.

B. Kirby, M. Milligan, "A Method and Case Study for Estimating the Ramping Capability of a Control Area or Balancing Authority and Implications for Moderate or High Wind Penetration," American Wind Energy Association, WindPower 2005, May 2005.

Stovall, T. K., Hadley, S. W., and Rizy, D. T., “Distributed Generation: Who Benefits?” Public Utilities Fortnightly, 143(3), 30-33, March 2005.

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2004

English , Burton C., Kim Jensen, R. Jamey Menard, Marie Walsh, Craig Brandt, Jim Van Dyke, and Stanton Hadley, “Economic Impacts Resulting from Co-firing Biomass Feedstocks in Southeastern United States Coal-Fired Plants”, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 2004.

J. Kueck, B. Kirby, L. Tolbert, T. Rizy, "Voltage Regulation: Tapping Distributed Energy Resources," Public Utilities Fornightly, September 2004.

Hadley, Stanton W., David J. Erickson III, Jose Luis Hernandez, Starley Thompson, “Future U.S. Energy Use for 2000-2025 as Computed with Temperatures from a Global Climate Prediction Model and Energy Demand Model”, Proceedings of the 24th Annual North American Conference of the USAEE, United States Association for Energy Economics, Cleveland, OH, 2004.

B. Kirby, M. Milligan, Y. Makarov, J. Lovekin, K. Jackson, H. Shiu, "California RPS Integration Cost Analysis-Phase III: Recommendations for Implementation," California Energy Commission, July 2004.

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2003

J. D. Kueck, B. J. Kirby, "The Distribution System of the Future," The Electricity Journal, June 2003.

J. D. Kueck, R. M. Staunton, B. J. Kirby, "Microgrids and Demand Response," Public Utilities Fortnightly, May 2003.

E. Hirst, B. Kirby, "Water Heaters to the Rescue: Demand Bidding in Electric Reserve Markets," Public Utilities Fortnightly, September, 2003.

R. Cowart, J. Raab, C. Goldman, R. Weston, J. Schlegel, R. Sedano, J. Lazar, B. Kirby, E. Hirst, "Dimensions of Demand Response: Capturing Customer Based Resources in New England’s Power Systems and Markets. Report and Recommendations of the New England Demand Response Initiative," New England Demand Response Initiative, July, 2003.

B. Parsons, M. Milligan, R. Zavadil, D. Brooks, B. Kirby, K. Dragoon, J. Caldwell, "Grid Impacts of Wind Power: A Summary of Recent Studies in the United States," EWEC Wind Energy Journal, June, 2003.

B. Kirby, E. Hirst, "Technical Issues Related To Retail-Load Provision of Ancillary Services," New England Demand Response Initiative, May, 2003.

E. Hirst, B. Kirby, "Opportunities for Demand Participation in New England Contingency-Reserve Markets," New England Demand Response Initiative, May, 2003.

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2002

Sale, Michael and Stanton W. Hadley, "Estimating Hydropower's Contribution to the Control of Greenhouse Gas Emissions," Hydro Review, HCI Publications, Vol. XXI, No. 7, December 2002.

Kline, Keith, Stanton W. Hadley, and Julia S. Kelley, “ADD CHP—Accelerated Development and Deployment of Combined Cooling, Heat and Power at Federal Facilities,” AEE’s 25th World Energy Engineering Congress (WEEC), Oct. 9–11, 2002, Atlanta, GA and “Solutions for Energy Security & Facility Management Challenges— Proceedings of the 25th WEEC,” and AEE journal Energy Engineering, Vol. 99, No. 6, 2002. Dr. Wayne C. Turner, Editor-in- Chief, October 2002.

Kline, Keith, Stanton W. Hadley, and Julia S. Kelley, “ADD CHP—Accelerated Development and Deployment of Combined Cooling, Heat and Power at Federal Facilities,” Proceedings of the ACEEE 2002 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, 4.171-4.182, August 2002.

Hadley, Stanton W., “Energy Efficiency Potential in the State of Iowa,” Proceedings of the ACEEE 2002 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, 9.135-9.146, August 2002.

T. P. Sheahen, B. W. McConnell, and J. W. Mulholland, “Method of Estimating Future Markets for High-TemperatureSuperconducting Power Devices,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp 1784-1789, June 2002.

B. Kirby and J. Kueck, "Re Electricity Costs: How Savvy Building Owners Can Save," Strategic Planning for Energy and the Environment, Vol. 21, No. 3, 2002.

J. Eto, C. Goldman, G. Heffner, B. Kirby, J. Kueck, M. Kintner Meyer, J. Dagle, T. Mount, W. Schultze, R. Thomas, R. Zimmerman, "Innovative Developments in Load as a Reliability Resource," IEEE Power Engineering Society, February, 2002.

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2001

Hadley, S. W. and W. Short, “Electricity sector analysis in the clean energy futures study,” Energy Policy 29(14), 1285-1298, November 2001.

Delene, J. G., J. Sheffield, K.A. Williams, R. L. Reid, S. Hadley, “An Assessment of the Economics of Future Electric Power Generation Options and the Implications for Fusion”, Fusion Technology, Vol. 39, No. 2, American Nuclear Society, March 2001.

Reis, C., S. Mehta, B. W. McConnell, and R. Jones, “Development of HTS Power Transformers,” Proceedings of the IEEE Power Engineering Society Winter Meeting, Columbus Ohio, Jan. 28-Feb. 1, 2001.

R. Staunton, J Kueck, B. Kirby, J. Eto, "Demand response: An Overview of Enabling Technologies," Public Utilities Fortnightly, November, 2001.

B. Kirby, "Restructured Electricity Markets Offer Increased Complexities and Opportunities for Cogeneration", Cogeneration and Competitive Power Journal, fall, 2001.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Key Transmission Planning Issues," The Electricity Journal, October, 2001.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Transmission Planning: Weighing Effects on Congestion Costs," Public Utility Fortnightly, July, 2001.

M. J. Sale and S. W. Hadley, "Estimating Hydropower's Contribution to the Control of Greenhouse Gas Emissions," Waterpower XII Conference, Salt Lake City, UT USA, 07/09/2001-07/11/2001.

R. Hudson, B. Kirby, Y. Wan, "Regulation Requirements for Wind Generation Facilities," American Wind Energy Association, June, 2001.

B. Kirby and E. Hirst, "Real-Time Performance Metrics for Generators Providing the Regulation Ancillary Service," The Electricity Journal, April, 2001.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Metering, Communications and Computing for Price-Responsive Demand Programs," April, 2001.

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2000

Dhingra, Rajive, Jonathan G. Overly, Gary A. Davis, Sujit Das, Stan Hadley and Bruce Tonn, "A Life-Cycle-Based Environmental Evaluation: Materials in New Generation Vehicles", SAE Technical Papers Series 2000-01-0595, SAE International, Warrendale, PA, March 2000.

McConnell, B. W., M. S. Walker, S. Mehta, “HTS Transformers,” IEEE Power Engineering Review, Vol. 20, pp 7-11, June 2000.

McConnell, B. W., “Transformers a Successful Application of High Temperature Superconductors,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp 716-721, March 2000.

J. Cadogan, M. Milligan, Y. Wan, and B. Kirby, "Short Term Output Variations in Wind Farms - Implications for Ancillary Services in the United States," October, 2000.

B. Kirby and J. Kueck, "How Buildings Can Prosper By Interacting With Restructured Electricity Markets," ACEEE, August, 2000.

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1999

Hirst, Eric, and Stan Hadley, “Generation Adequacy: Who Decides,” The Electricity Journal 12(9), 11-21, October 1999.

Hadley, Stanton W., “The Impact of Carbon Charges on Generation Mix with Elasticity of Demand: A Case Study” Proceedings of the 20th Annual North American Conference of the USAEE, 20-29, United States Association for Energy Economics, Cleveland, OH, 1999.

Hirst, Eric, Brendan Kirby, and Stan Hadley, Generation and Transmission Adequacy in a Restructuring U.S. Electric Industry, Industry Structure Monograph Series – Number 14, Edison Electric Institute, Washington, DC, June 1999.

Sauers, I., D. R. James, H. Rodrigo, M. O. Pace, B. W. McConnell, V. P. Patania, and  A. R. Ellis, "Surface Flashover of Fiberglass Reinforced Epoxy Composite Insulation in Vacuum at Liquid Nitrogen and Room Temperatures Using Power Frequency ac and Lightning Impulse Waveforms,"  Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 46A, pp 297-304, July 1999.

B. Ernst, Y. Wan and B. Kirby, "Short-term Power Fluctuation of Wind Turbines: Looking at Data from the German 250 Mw Measurement Program from the Ancillary Services Viewpoint," American Wind Energy Association Windpower '99 Conference, Washington, DC, June, 1999.

B. Kirby and E. Hirst, "Load as a resource in Providing Ancillary Services," American Power Conference, Chicago, Illinois, April, 1999.

B. Kirby and N. Lenssen, "Shifting the Balance of Power: Grid Interconnection of Distributed Generation," E. Source, The Distributed Energy Series, Boulder, Colorado, October, 1999.

B. Kirby and E. Hirst, "Maintaining System Black Start in Competitive Bulk-Power Markets," American Power Conference, Chicago, Illinois, April, 1999.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "What is System Control," American Power Conference, Chicago, Illinois, April, 1999.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Technical and Market Issues for Operating Reserves," The Electricity Journal, March, 1999.

B. Kirby and E. Hirst, "New Blackstart Standards Needed for Competitive Markets," IEEE Power Engineering Review, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp9, February, 1999.

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1998

Hirst, Eric, and Stan Hadley, “Designing True-up Mechanisms to Recover Transition Costs,” The Electricity Journal 11(9), 1-70, October 1998.

Hadley, Stan, and Eric Hirst, “Will Competition Hurt Electricity Consumers in the Pacific Northwest?” Proceedings of the 21st Annual International Conference of the IAEE, Vol. 2, 223-232, International Association for Energy Economics, Cleveland, OH, 1998.

Hirst, Eric, and Stan Hadley, “Will Electricity Competition Benefit Customers in Low-Cost Regions?” NRRI Quarterly Bulletin 19(1),The National Regulatory Research Institute, 71-82, Spring 1998.

Walker, M. S. et al., "AA Preliminary Test of a Cryocooled 1-MVA HTS Transformer and Other Power Applications," International Workshop on Superconductivity, Okinawa, July 13-15, 1998.

McConnell, B. W., "Increasing Transformer Efficiency - Potential for Energy Savings," pp 8-10 of Future Trends in Energy-Efficient Transformers in IEEE Power Engineering Review, Vol. 18, No. 7, July 1998.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Operating Reserves and Bulk-Power Reliability," Energy International Journal, Vol. 23, No. 11, pp. 949-959, 1998.

B. Kirby and E. Hirst, "Generator Response to Intrahour Load Fluctuations," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol 13 #4, PE-627-PWRS-0-12-1997, November, 1998.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Defining Intra- and Interhour Load Swings," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol 13 #4, PE-628-PWRS-0-12-1997, November, 1998.

B. Kirby, E. Hirst, "Voltage Control In A Changing US Electricity Industry," Utilities Policy, Vol 7, No. 2, June, 1998.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Simulating the Operation of Markets for Bulk-Power Ancillary Services," The Energy Journal, Vol. 19, No. 3, 1998.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Maintaining Reliability In a Restructured Industry," Public Power, May-June, 1998.

B. Kirby and E. Hirst, "Characteristics of Concern in Supplying, Consuming, and Measuring Ancillary Services," The Future of Power Delivery in the 21st Century, The Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, California, May, 1998.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Ancillary Services: The Neglected Feature of Bulk-Power Markets," The Electricity Journal, April, 1998.

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1997

Hirst, Eric, Lester Baxter, and Stan Hadley, “Transition Cost Issues for U.S. Electricity Utilities” Annual Review of Energy and the Environment 22, 119-154, October 1997.

Hadley, Stan, Eric Hirst, and Lester Baxter, “The Effects of Various Factors on Estimates of Electric-Utility Transition Costs,” Utilities Policy 6(2), 127-135, September 1997.

Hirst, Eric, Lester Baxter, and Stan Hadley, “Transition Costs: Estimation, Sensitivities, And Recovery” Resource and Energy Economics 19 29-46, August 1997.

Baxter, L., Eric Hirst, and Stan Hadley, “Who Should Pay Transition Costs?,” The Electricity Journal 10(5), 68-77, June 1997.

Hirst, E., S. Hadley, and L. Baxter, “Methods to Estimate Electric-Utility Transition Costs,” Energy 22(4), 425-435, February 1997.

Baxter, L., S. Hadley and E. Hirst, “Mitigating Transition Costs: The Utility’s Role ” Public Utilities Fortnightly 135(2), 30-33, January 15, 1997.

Yuracko, Katherine L., Stanton W. Hadley, Robert D. Perlack, Rafael G. Rivera, T. Randall Curlee, “Fernald's Dilemma: Recycle the Radioactively Contaminated Scrap Metal, or Bury It?” Resources, Conservation and Recycling 19 (1997) 187-198.

Chowdhuri, P., A. K. Misha and B. W. McConnell, "Volt-Time Characteristics of Short Air Gaps Under Nonstandard Lightning Voltage Waves," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, January 1997, pp 421-28.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Cutting Electricity Costs for Industrial Plants in a Real-Time World," Public Utilities Fortnightly, December, 1997.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Simulating the Operation of Markets for Bulk-Power Ancillary Services," The Electricity Journal, October, 1997.

B. Kirby, E. Hirst, B. Parsons, K. Porter, and J. Cadogan, "Electric Industry Restructuring, Ancillary Services, and the Potential Impact on Wind," American Wind Energy Association, June, 1997.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Dynamic Scheduling: The Forgotten Issue," Public Utility Fortnightly, April, 1997.

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1996

Baxter, Lester, Stanton Hadley, and Eric Hirst, “Assessing Transition-Cost Strategies,” Energy Studies Review, Volume 8, Issue #1, McMaster Institute for Energy Studies, Hamilton ON, 1996.

Hirst, E., S. Hadley, and L. Baxter, “Old Fashioned Experiment Clears up the Confusion,” Electrical World 210(11), 52-56, November 1996.

Baxter, L., S. Hadley, and E. Hirst, “Assessing Strategies to Address Transition costs in a Restructuring Electricity Industry,” Proceedings of the 17th Annual North American Conference of the USAEE/IAEE:293-302, United States Association for Energy Economics, Cleveland, OH, 1996.

Baxter, L., Eric Hirst, and Stan Hadley, “Transition Costs in the Electricity Industry: A Summary of Issues,” Proceedings of the Power-Gen 1996 International Conference, Book I:87-104, PennWell, Houston, 1996.

Yuracko, Katherine L., Stanton W. Hadley, Robert D. Perlack, Michael J. Gresalfi, Peter Yerace, “Fernald’s Dilemma: Do We Recycle the Radioactively Contaminated Metals, or Do We Bury Them?”, Proceedings of Spectrum ‘96: Nuclear and Hazardous Waste Management , Seattle, WA, August 18-23, 1996.

Hadley, S., E. Hirst, and L. Baxter, “Stranded Investment: Is the Sale Worth Keeping?” Public Utilities Fortnightly 134(10), 22-25, May 15, 1996.

Johnson, R. C., B. W. McConnell, S. P. Mehta and M. S. Walker, "Status of Superconducting Transformer Development," Proceedings of the 58th Annual American Power Conference, Chicago, Illinois, April 9-11, 1996.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Costs for Electric-Power Ancillary Services," Electricity Journal, Volume 9, Number 10, December, 1996.

B. Kirby and E. Hirst, "Unanswered Questions Ancillary Services," Electric Perspectives, July-August, 1996.

B. Kirby and E. Hirst, "Unbundling Electricity: Ancillary Services," IEEE Power Engineering Review, June, 1996.

B. Kirby and E. Hirst, "Ancillary Services and the use of FACTS Devices," The Future of Power Delivery Conference, EPRI, April, 1996.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Ancillary Services," American Power Conference, Chicago, Illinois, February, 1996.

J. Kueck, B. Kirby, T. Rizy, F. Li, N. Fall, "Economics of Reactive Power Supply from Distributed Energy Resources," Electricity Journal, December, 2006.

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1995

Hirst, E. And S. Hadley, “Effects of Electric-Utility Demand-Side Management Programs on Electricity Prices,” Energy Studies Review 7(1), 1-10, November 1995.

Hadley, Stan and E. Hirst, “The Status of U.S. Electric Utility Demand-Side Management,” U.S. Electric Utility Demand-Side Management 1993, Energy Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC, July 1995.

Hill, Lawrence J. and Stanton W. Hadley, “Federal Tax Effects on the Financial Attractiveness of Renewable Versus Conventional Power Plants,” Energy Policy 23(7), 593-597, July 1995.

Hirst, E. and S. Hadley, “Must DSM Programs Increase Rates?” Public Utilities Fortnightly 133(12), 26-29, June 15, 1995.

Hadley, S. and T. Flanigan, “Successful Demand-Side Management,” Public Power 53(3), 29-30, May-June 1995.

Hill, Lawrence J. and Stanton W. Hadley, “Federal Tax Incentives and Disincentives for the Adoption of Wood-Fuel Electric-Generating Technologies,” Bioresource Technology 53, 173-178, May 1995.

Hadley, Stan and Eric Hirst, “How Integrated Resource Planning for U.S. Electric Utilities Affects Shareholder Interests,” Utilities Policy 5(1), 37-45, January 1995.

E. Hirst and B Kirby, "Devil in the Details!" The Electricity Journal, Vol. 8, Num. 10, December, 1995.

B. Kirby, E. Hirst, and J. VanCoevering, "Unbundling Electric Generation and Transmission Services," Energy, Vol. 20, No. 12, pp. 1191-1203, Elsevier Science Ltd., 1995.

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Older

Hirst, Eric and Stan Hadley, “The DSM Sky Hasn’t Fallen Yet,” The Electricity Journal 7(10), 77-79, December 1994.

Hadley, Stan and Eric Hirst, “Regulatory and Tax Treatment of Electric Resources,” Proceedings of the ACEEE 1994 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, 7.85-7.96, August 1994.

Chowdhuri, P., A. K. Misha, P. M. Martin and B. W. McConnell, "The Effects of Nonstandard Lightning Voltage Waveshapes on the Impulse Strength of Air Gaps," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, October 1994, pp 1991-1999.

McConnell, B. W., P. R. Barnes, and F. M. Tesche, "Experimental Determination of the MHD-EMP Effects on Power Distribution Transformers," Journal of Radiation Effects, Vol. 11, No. 1, January 1993.

McConnell, B. W., "Potential Impact of Superconductivity on Power Quality Enhancement," pp. 481-491 in Conference Proceedings No. 273 - Superconductivity and Its Applications, Eds: H. S. Kwok, D. T. Shaw and M. J. Naughton,  Buffalo, New York, September 15-17, 1992, published by the American Institute of Physics.

Hawsey, R. A., W. K. Kahl, S. W. Schwenterly, J. M. Bailey, C. W. Sohns, J. N. Luton, B. W. McConnell, and V. W. Campbell,  "Analysis and Performance of an Axial-Gap Superconducting Motor," IEEE Trans. on Magnetics, MAG-27, No. 2, March 1991.

McConnell, B. W., "Motors," Chapter 3 in Energy Applications of High-Temperature Superconductivity, S. J. Dale, S. M. Wolf, T. R. Schneider, Eds., EPRI, ER-6682, Vol. 2, October 1990.

Burrage, L. M., J. H. Shaw, and B. W. McConnell, "Distribution Transformer Performance When Subjected to Steep Front Impulses," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, PWRD-5, No. 2, April 1990.

Burrage, L. M., Barnes, P. R. and McConnell, B. W., "Steep-Front, Short-Duration Impulse Tests on Energized Insulators,” Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on High Voltage Engineering paper 25-03, New Orleans, September 1989.

McConnell, B. W., "Application of Superconductors to Electric Motors," Proceedings of the Conference on Superconductivity and Applications, Kwok, H. S. and Shaw, D. T. Eds.,  State University of New York at Buffalo, April 18-20, 1988.

Burrage, L. M., Veverka, E. F. and McConnell, B. W., "Steep Front, Short Duration Low Voltage Impulse Performance of Distribution Transformers,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, PWRD-2, No. 4, October 1987.

Barnes, P. R. and McConnell, B. W., "Discussion of 'The Effect of Fast Nuclear Electromagnetic Pulse on the Electric Power System' by Mario Rabinowitz," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, PWRD-2, No. 4, October 1987.

Barnes, P. R. and B. W. McConnell, "A Research Program to Assess the Impact of Electromagnetic Pulse on Electric Power Systems," Proceedings of the 7th International Zurich Symposium and Technical Exposition on Electromagnetic Compatibility, March 1987.

Burrage, L. M., Hettwer, P. F. and McConnell, B. W., "Impact of Steep Front, Short Duration Impulse on Power Systems Insulation: A Critical Review," Proceedings of the 1986 IEEE International Symposium on Electrical Insulation, June 1986.

McConnell, B. W. and Burrage, L. M., "Assess the Impact of Steep Front, Short Duration Impulse on Power Systems Insulation - A Review of Progress to Date," Proceedings of the 1986 NEMP Conference, May 1986.

McConnell, B. W. and Barnes, P. R., "Corona Effects on EMP Induced Surges on Long Wires," Proceedings of the 1984 NEMP Conference, July 1984.

McConnell, B. W. and Barnes, P. R., "A Preliminary Assessment of the Impact of the Electromagnetic Pulse on Electric Power Systems Insulation," Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Gaseous Dielectrics, L. G. Christophorou Ed.

McConnell, B. W., Reddoch, T. W., Purucker, S. L. and Monteen, L. D., "Distribution Energy Control Center Experiment," IEEE PAS-102, No. 6, June 1982, pp. 1582-1587.

McConnell, B. W., "Customer Response in Department of Energy Load Management Projects," Proceedings of the EPRI Load Management Seminar, San Antonio, TX, December 1982.

McConnell, B. W., "Problems in Implementing WASP-II Using the H-Extended Optimizing Facilities," Progress in Optimal Scheduling of Electric Systems Expansion (2nd WASP Conf.), The Ohio State University, August 1977.

McConnell, B. W., "Fusion - the Engineering Problems," North Carolina Society of Engineers IEEE Conference, Greensboro, N. C., Nov. 1977.

McConnell, B. W., "Solar Energy: Illusions and Realities," North Carolina Engineer, October 1976.

McConnell, B. W., "Energy-Time Synthesis in the Pulsed Neutron Problem," Georgia Academy of Sciences, April 1971, Augusta, GA

Bowden, R. L. and McConnell, B. W., "On Neutron Transport in Two-Adjacent Half Spaces with Anisotropic Scattering," Nucleonik, Vol. 12, 1969.

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Presentations

2012

Yan Xu, "Complete system-level, efficient & interoperable solution for microgrid integrated controls (CSEIMIC)", US-Japan Collaborative Smart Grid Project Collective Research Workshop, November 13-15, 2012.

2011

Yan Xu, "ORNL Power Systems and Power Electronics for Utility Applications", Workshop on Power Electronics and Distributed Power Systems, UTRC, December 2011.

Yan Xu, "Smart Inverter Control for Microgrids", Power Electronics Symposium, July 22, 2011.

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Reports

2011

Ben W. McConnell, Stanton W. Hadley, Yan Xu, "A Review of Barriers to and Opportunities for the Integration of Renewable Energy", ORNL/TM-2010/138, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, May 2011.

2010

Sikes, Karen, Stanton W. Hadley, McGill, Ralph N, Cleary, Timothy, "Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study: Final Report", ORNL/TM-2010/46, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, July 2010.

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2009

Hadley, Stanton W., Thomas Key, Rajat Deb, Cascade Consulting Partners, "Power Transfer Potential to the Southeast in Response to a Renewable Portfolio Standard: Final Report", ORNL/TM-2009/239, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, November 2009.

Hadley, Stanton W., Thomas Key, Rajat Deb, "Power Transfer Potential to the Southeast in Response to a Renewable Portfolio Standard: Interim Report 2", ORNL/TM-2009/102, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, May 2009.

Hadley, Stanton W., Thomas Key, "Power Transfer Potential to the Southeast in Response to a Renewable Portfolio Standard: Interim Report 1", ORNL/TM-2008/222, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, January 2009.

Genung, Karen, Lawrence C. Markel, Stanton W. Hadley, Shaun Hinds, DeVault, Robert C, "Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study: Interim Report: Phase 1 Scenario Evaluation", ORNL/TM-2008/076, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, January 2009.

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2008

John Kueck, Tom Rizy, Fangxing Li, Yan Xu, Huijuan Li, Sarina Adhikari, and Phil Irminger, "Local Dynamic Reactive Power for Correction of System Voltage Problems,"ORNL/TM-2008/174, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, TN, November 2008.

Department of Energy, 2008, "Impact of Extended Daylight Saving Time on National Energy Consumption, Report to Congress, Energy Policy Act of 2005, Section 110", Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Washington D.C., October 2008.

Belzer, David B., Stanton W. Hadley, and Shih-Miao Chin, 2008, "Impact of Extended Daylight Saving Time on National Energy Consumption: Technical Documentation", prepared for U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, October 2008.

B. Kirby, J. Kueck, T. Laughner, K. Morris, 2008, "Spinning Reserve from Hotel Load Response: Initial Progress," ORNL/TM 2008/217, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, October 2008.

B. Kirby, M. Milligan, "Examination of Capacity and Ramping Impacts of Wind Energy on Power Systems," NREL/TP-500-42872, July, 2008.

Hadley, Stanton W., "The Oak Ridge Competitive Electricity Dispatch (ORCED) Model", ORNL/TM-2007/230, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, June 2008.

Genung, Karen, Lawrence C. Markel, Stanton W. Hadley, Shaun Hinds, "Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study: Phase 1, Task 3: Technical Requirements and Procedure for Evaluation of One Scenario", ORNL/TM-2008/068, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, June 2008.

Christopher Tufon, Alan G. Isemonger, Brendan Kirby, John Kueck, and Fangxing Li, "A Tariff for Reactive Power," DOE Technical Report, Oak Ridge, TN, June 2008.

M. Milligan, B. Kirby, "Analysis of Sub-Hourly Ramping Impacts of Wind Energy and Balancing Area Size," WindPower 2008, NREL/CP-500-43434, June 2008.

K. Dragoon, B. Kirby, M. Milligan, " Do Wind Forecasts Make Good Generation Schedules? " WindPower 2008, NREL/CP-500-43507, June 2008.

Genung, Karen, Lawrence C. Markel, Stanton W. Hadley, Shaun Hinds, "Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study: Phase 1, Task 2:Select Value Propositions/Business Model for Further Study", ORNL/TM-2008/056, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, April 2008.

Genung, Karen, Stanton W. Hadley, Robert C. DeVault, Thomas J. King, Shaun Hinds, Rich Sheer, "Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study: Summary Report for Dec 07 Workshop", ORNL/TM-2008/002, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, January 2008.

Hadley, Stanton W. and Alexandra Tsvetkova, "Potential Impacts of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Regional Power Generation", ORNL/TM-2007/150, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, January 2008.

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2007

D. Brooks, B. Kirby, A. Del Rosso, "Utilization of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response as Resources for Transmission and Distribution Planning: Current Utility Practices and Recommendations for Increasing Opportunities as T&D Alternatives." EPRI, Palo Alto, CA, 2007.

B. Kirby, "Ancillary Services: Technical and Commercial Insights," Wärtsilä North America Inc., June 2007.

G. Heffner, C, Goldman, B. Kirby, M. Kintner-Meyer, "Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience," ORNL/TM 2007/060, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, May 2007.

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2006

B. Kirby, "Demand Response For Power System Reliability: FAQ," ORNL/TM 2006/565, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, December, 2006.

Hadley, Stanton W., "Impact of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles on the Electric Grid", ORNL/TM-2006/554, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, October 2006.

Hadley, Stanton W., "Potential Energy-Saving Impacts of Extending Daylight Saving Time: A National Assessment", U.S. Department of Energy, September 2006.

Hadley, Stanton W., David J. Erickson III, and Jose Luis Hernandez, "Modeling U.S. Energy Use Changes with Global Climate Change", ORNL/TM-2006/524, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, September 2006.

Hadley, Stanton W., Department of Energy, 2006, "Benefits of Using Mobile Transformers and Mobile Substations for Rapidly Restoring Electrical Service, A Report to the United States Congress Pursuant to Section 1816 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005", Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, Washington D.C., August 2006.

Arent, D.J., R. Benioff, G. Mosey, L. Bird, J. Ku, J. Brown, E. Brown, L. Vimmerstedt, J. Aabakken, K. Parks, D. Kline, M. Lapsa, S. Davis, M. Olszewski, D. Cox, K. McElhaney, S. Hadley, D. Hostick, A. Nicholls, S. McDonald, B. Hollomon, D. Fridley, "Energy Sector Market Analysis", NREL/TP-620-40541, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2006.

B. Kirby, "The Role of Demand Resources In Regional Transmission Expansion Planning and Reliable Operations," ORNL/TM 2006/512, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, July 2006.

Fangxing Li, John D. Kueck, D. Tom Rizy, Tom J. King, and N. Fall, "A Preliminary Analysis of the Economics of Using Distributed Energy as a Source of Reactive Power Supply," DOE Technical Report, Oak Ridge, TN, March 2006.

Hadley, S. W., T. K. Stovall, and J. W. Van Dyke, "Customer-Owned Utilities and Distributed Energy: Potentials and Benefits", ORNL/TM-2005/257, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, February 2006.

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2005

Arent, D.J., R. Benioff, G. Mosey, L. Bird, J. Ku, J. Brown, E. Brown, L. Vimmerstedt, J. Aabakken, K. Parks, D. Kline, M. Lapsa, S. Davis, M. Olszewski, D. Cox, K. McElhaney, S. Hadley, D. Hostick, A. Nicholls, S. McDonald, B. Hollomon, D. Fridley, "Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program (WIP) Market Analysis", NREL/TP-620-38180, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, August 2005.

Hadley, Stanton W., "Regional Technology Integration Memphis Urban Area Report", R05-123873, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, August 2005.

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2004

B. Kirby, "Frequency Regulation Basics and Trends," ORNL/TM 2004/291, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, December 2004.

J. Kueck, B. Kirby, "Measurement Practices for Reliability and Power Quality," ORNL/TM, 2004/91, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, June 2004.

Hadley, Stanton W., J. Michael MacDonald, Moonis Ally, John Tomlinson, Marcus Simpson, William Miller, "Emerging Energy-Efficient Technologies in Buildings: Technology Characterizations for Energy Modeling", ORNL/TM-2004/63, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, May 2004.

J. Kueck, B. Kirby, "Demand Response Research Plan to Reflect the Needs of the California Independent System Operator," ORNL/TM 2004/2, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, January 2004.

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2003

B. Kirby, J. Kueck, "Spinning Reserve from Pump Load: A Technical Findings Report to the California Department of Water Resources," ORNL/TM 2003/99, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, November 2003.

Hadley, S.W., J.W. Van Dyke, and T. K. Stovall, "The Effect of Distributed Energy Resource Competition with Central Generation", ORNL/TM-2003/236, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, October, 2003.

E. Hirst, B. J. Kirby, "Allocating Costs of Ancillary Services: Contingency Reserves and Regulation," ORNL/TM 2003/152, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, June 2003.

Hadley, S. W., "The Potential for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy in North Carolina", ORNL/TM-2003/71, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, April 2003.

R. H. Staunton, B. Ozpineci, "Microturbine Power Conversion Technology Review," Oak Ridge National Laboratory, April 2003.

S. W. Hadley, J. W. Van Dyke, "Emissions Benefits of Distributed Generation in The Texas Market," ORNL/TM-2003/100, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, April 2003.

B. J. Kirby, "Spinning Reserve From Responsive Loads," ORNL/TM-2003/19, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, March 2003.

J. D. Kueck, R. H. Staunton, S. D. Labinov, B. J. Kirby, "Microgrid Energy Management System," ORNL/TM-2002/242, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, January 2003.

B. Kirby, M. Milligan, Y. Makarov, D. Hawkins, K. Jackson, H. Shiu, "California RPS Integration Cost Analysis-Phase I: One Year Analysis of Existing Resources," California Energy Commission, December, 2003.

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2002

B. J. Kirby, J. Dyer, C. Martinez, R. A. Shoureshi, R. Guttromson, J. Dagle, "Frequency Control Concerns in The North American Electric Power System," ORNL/TM-2003/41, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, December 2002.

B. J. Kirby, R. H. Staunton, "Technical Potential for Peak Load Management Programs in New Jersey," ORNL/TM-2002/271, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, October, 2002.

Stoller, R., C. McKamey, S. Hadley, T. Rosseel, B. Ashdown, "Basic Research Needs to Assure a Secure Energy Future: Factual Document", Oak Ridge National Laboratory, October, 2002.

Hadley, S. W., K. L. Kline, S. E. Livengood, and J. W. Van Dyke, "CHP Potential at Federal Sites", Oak Ridge National Laboratory, September 2002.

Gouge, M. J., J. A. Demko, B. W. McConnell, and J. M. Photenhauer, "Cryogenics Assessment Report," June 2002.

B. J. Kirby, J. W. Van Dyke, C. Martinez, A. Rodriquez, "Congestion Management Requirements, Methods and Performance Indices," ORNL/TM-2002/119, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, June 2002.

"National Transmission Grid Study Report," The Honorable Spencer Abraham, Secretary of Energy, U. S. Department of Energy, May 2002.

"National Transmission Grid Study Issue Papers," The Honorable Spencer Abraham, Secretary of Energy, U. S. Department of Energy, May 2002.

Hadley, S. W., "Building Assurance: September 11 and National Security Implications for the Built Environment", ORNL-M02-113973 Oak Ridge National Laboratory, April 2002.

Hadley, S. W., K. L. Kline, S. E. Livengood, and J.W.Van Dyke, "Analysis of CHP Potential at Federal Sites", ORNL/TM-2001/280, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, February 2002.

B. Kirby, M. Ally, "Spinning Reserves from Controllable Packaged Through the Wall Air Conditioner (PTAC) Units," ORNL/TM 2002/286, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN, November, 2002.

R. Lee, S. Hadley, C. Liu and B. Kirby, "Electricity Transmission Congestion in The U.S.," Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN, June, 2002.

B. Kirby and E. Hirst, "Reliability Management and Oversight," U.S. Department of Energy National Transmission Grid Study, May, 2002.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Transmission Planning and the Need for New Capacity," U.S. Department of Energy National Transmission Grid Study, May, 2002.

J. Kueck, B. Kirby and L. Markel, "Best Practices For Distribution – Phase 2 Report – A Toolkit of Noteworthy Reliability Measurement Practices," Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN, March, 2002.

W. P. Poore, T. K. Stovall, B. J. Kirby, D. T. Rizy, J. D. Kueck, and J. P. Stovall, "Connecting Distributed Energy Resources to the Grid: Their Benefits to the DER Owner/customer, the Utility, and Society," ORNL/TM 2001/290, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN, February, 2002.

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2001

S. W. Hadley, C. R. Hudson, D. W. Jones, D. P. Vogt, "The Potential Economic Impact of Electricity Restructuring in the State of Oklahoma, Phase II Report," , ORNL/CON-485, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, October, 2001.

Hadley, S. W., C. R. Hudson, D. W. Jones and D. P. Vogt, "The Potential Economic Impact of Electricity Restructuring in the State of Oklahoma: Phase II Report", ORNL/CON-485, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, October 2001.

S. W. Hadley, "The Potential for Energy Efficiency in the State of Iowa," ORNL/CON-481, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, June, 2001.

S. W. Hadley, C. R. Hudson, D. W. Jones, "The Potential Economic Impact of Electricity Restructuring in the State of Oklahoma, Phase I Report," Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, March, 2001.

Mulholland, Joseph, Thomas P. Sheahen, and B. W. McConnell, "Analysis of Future Prices and Markets for High Temperature Superconductors," September 2001, on line at http://www.ornl.gov/sci/htsc/pubs.html#reports

C. R. Hudson, B. J. Kirby, J. D. Kueck, R. H. Staunton, "Industrial Use of Distributed Generation in Real-Time Energy and Ancillary Service Markets," ORNL/TM-2001/136, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN, September, 2001.

J. D. Kueck, B. J. Kirby, J. Eto, R. H. Staunton, C. Marnay, C. A. Martinez, C. Goldman, "Load as a Reliability Resource in Restructured Electricity Markets," ORNL/TM-2001/97, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN, June, 2001.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Transmission Planning for a Restructuring U.S. Electricity Industry," Edison Electric Institute, Washington, DC, June, 2001.

B. Kirby and E. Hirst, "Using Five-Minute Data to Allocate Load-Following and Regulation Requirements Among Individual Customers," ORNL/TM-2001-13, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN, January, 2001.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Measuring Generator Performance in Providing Regulation and Load-Following Ancillary Services," ORNL/TM-2000-383, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN, January, 2001.

E. Hirst, B. Kirby, "Real-Time Balancing Operations and Markets: Key to Competitive Wholesale Electricity Markets," January, 2001.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Retail-Load Participation in Competitive Wholesale Electricity Markets," Edison Electric Institute, Washington, DC, and Project for Sustainable FERC Energy Policy, Alexandria, VA, Dec, 2001.

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2000

Interlaboratory Working Group, "Scenarios for a Clean Energy Future", (Oak Ridge, TN; Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Berkeley, CA; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory), ORNL/CON-476 and LBNL-44029, November 2000.

Das, Sujit, T. Randall Curlee, Stanton W. Hadley, Donald W. Jones, Bruce E. Tonn, Amy K. Wolfe, Gary Davis, Rajive Dhingra, Jonathan Overly, Susan Schexnayder, "Supporting Infrastructure and Acceptability Issues Associated With Two New Generation Vehicles: P2000 and ESX2", ORNL/TM-2000/91, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, May 2000.

Hadley, S.W., S. Das, J.W. Miller, "Aluminum R&D for Automotive Uses and The Department of Energy’s Role", ORNL/TM-1999/157, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, March 2000.

C. R. Hudson, "Analysis of Uniform and Discriminatory Price Auctions in Restructured Electricity Markets," Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, 2000.

B. Kirby, E. Hirst, "Pricing Ancillary Services So Customers Pay For What They Use," EPRI, July, 2000.

B. Kirby, J. Kueck, "How Buildings Can Prosper By Interacting With Restructured Electricity Markets," Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, 2000.

E. Hirst, B. Kirby, "What Is the Correct Time-Averaging Period For the Regulation Ancillary Service?" Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, April, 2000.

B. Kirby, E. Hirst, "Bulk-Power Reliability and Commercial Implications of Distributed Resources, NARUC," April, 2000.

E. Hirst, B. Kirby, "Bulk-Power Basics: Reliability and Commerce, The Regulatory Assistance Project," Gerdiner, ME, March, 2000.

B. Kirby, J. Kueck, "Review of the Structure of Bulk Power Markets," ORNL/TM-2000/41, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, January, 2000.

B. Kirby, E. Hirst, "Customer-Specific Metrics for the Regulation and Load-Following Ancillary Services," ORNL/CON-474, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, January, 2000.

E. Hirst, B. Kirby, "Ancillary Services: A Call for Fair Prices, Public Utilities Fortnightly," January, 2000.

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1999

E. Hirst and S. W. Hadley, "Maintaining Generation Adequacy in a Restructuring U.S. Electricity Industry," ORNL/CON-472, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, October, 1999.

Delene, J. G., J. Sheffield, K.A. Williams, R. L. Reid, S. Hadley, "An Assessment of the Economics of Future Electric Power Generation Options and the Implications for Fusion", ORNL/TM-1999-243, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, September 1999.

Center for Economics Research, "Stranded Cost Estimates for a Restructured Electric Industry in North Carolina: Final Report: Analysis of Options for Resolving Stranded Cost Issues", Research Triangle Institute, August 1999. vol. 2 vol. 3.

E. Hirst, B. Kirby, and S. Hadley, "Generation and Transmission Adequacy in a Restructuring U.S. Electricity Industry," Edison Electric Institute, Washington, DC, June, 1999.

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1998

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "The Functions, Metrics, Costs, and Prices for Three Ancillary Services," Edison Electric Institute, Economics Department, October, 1998.

B. J. Kirby, J. D. Kueck, A. B. Poole, "Evaluation of the Reliability of the Offsite Power Supply as a Contributor to Risk of Nuclear Plants," ORNL/NRC/LTR/98-12, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN, August, 1998.

S. W. Hadley, "The Impact of Carbon Taxes or Allowances on the Electric Generation Market in the Ohio and ECAR Region," ORNL/CON-463, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, July, 1998.

S. W. Hadley and E. Hirst, "ORCED: A Model to Simulate the Operations and Costs of Bulk-Power Markets," ORNL/CON-464, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, June, 1998.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Creating Markets for Ancillary Services, Pricing Energy in a Competitive Market," EPRI, June, 1998.

E. Hirst and S. W. Hadley, "Transition-Cost Recovery and Trueup Mechanisms," ORNL/CON-456, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, March, 1998.

Downing, D. J., B. W. McConnell, P. R. Barnes, S.W. Hadley, J. W. Van Dyke, "Economic Analysis of Efficient Distribution Transformer Trends", ORNL-6927, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, March 1998.

S. W. Hadley and E. Hirst, "Possible Effects of Competition on Electricity Consumers in the Pacific Northwest," ORNL/CON-455, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, January, 1998.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Unbundling Generation and Transmission Services for Competitive Electricity Markets," ORNL/CON-454, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN, January, 1998.

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1997

Interlaboratory Working Group, "Scenarios of U.S. Carbon Reductions: Potential Impacts of Energy Technologies by 2010 and Beyond", (Berkeley, CA: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and Oak Ridge, TN: Oak Ridge National Laboratory), LBNL-40533 and ORNL/CON-444, September 1997.

Baxter, Lester, Eric Hirst, and Stan Hadley, "Transition-Cost Issues for a Restructuring U.S. Electricity Industry", ORNL/CON-440, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, March 1997.

B. Kirby and E. Hirst, "Ancillary-Service Details: Voltage Control," ORNL/CON-453, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN, December, 1997.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Ancillary-Service Details: Operating Reserves," ORNL/CON-452, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN, November, 1997.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Ancillary-Service Details: Dynamic Scheduling," ORNL/CON-438, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN, January, 1997.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Creating Competitive Markets for Ancillary Services," ORNL/CON-448, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN, October, 1997.

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1996

Hirst, Eric, Stan Hadley, and Lester Baxter, "Factors that Affect Electric-Utility Stranded Commitments", ORNL/CON-432, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, July 1996.

Baxter, Lester, Stan Hadley, and Eric Hirst, "Strategies to Address Transition Costs in the Electricity Industry", ORNL/CON-431, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, July 1996.

Yuracko, Katherine L., Stanton W. Hadley, and Robert D. Perlack, "Decision Methodology for Fernald Scrap Metal Disposition Alternatives", ORNL-6896, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, June 1996.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Ancillary-Service Details: Regulation, Load Following, and Generator Response," ORNL/CON-433, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, September, 1996.

Hadley, Stanton W., "ORFIN: An Electric Utility Financial and Production Simulator", ORNL/CON-430, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, March 1996.

B. Kirby and E. Hirst, "Ancillary-Services Costs for Twelve U.S. Electric Utilities," ORNL/CON-427, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, March, 1996.

S. W. Hadley, "ORFIN: An Electric Utility Financial and Production Simulator," ORNL/CON-430, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, March, 1996.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Electric-Power Ancillary Services," ORNL/CON-426, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, February, 1996.

B. Kirby and E. Hirst, "Supplemental Comments on Ancillary Services," Testimony before the U.S.A. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC, January, 1996.

Hirst, Eric, Stan Hadley, and Lester Baxter, "Methods to Estimate Stranded Commitments for a Restructuring U.S. Electricity Industry", ORNL/CON-424, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, January 1996.

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1995

Hadley, Stan and Ed Hillsman, "Electric Retail Market Options: The Customer Perspective", ORNL/CON-418, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, August 1995.

Hadley, Stan and Eric Hirst, "Utility DSM Programs from 1989 through 1998: Continuation or Cross Roads?", ORNL/CON-405, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, February 1995.

E. Hirst and B. Kirby, "Ancillary Services," Testimony Before The U.S.A. Federal Energy Regulatory Comission, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC, June, 1995.

P. Barnes, W. Dykas, B. Kirby, S. Purucker, and J. Lawler, "The Integration of Renewable Energy Sources into Electric Power Transmission Systems," ORNL-6827, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, June, 1995.

W. P. Dykas, B. J. Kirby and J. P. Stovall, "Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES), Utility Application Study of Municipal Light & Power, Anchorage, Alaska," Draft, ORNL\_6877, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, June, 1995.

B. Kirby, E. Hirst, and J. VanCoevering, "Identification and Definition of Unbundled Electric Generation and Transmission Services," ORNL/CON-415, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, March, 1995.

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Older

Hirst, Eric and Stan Hadley, "Price Impacts of Electric-Utility DSM Programs", ORNL/CON-402, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, November 1994.

Flanigan, Ted and Stan Hadley, "Analysis of Successful Demand-Side Management at Publicly Owned Utilities", ORNL/CON-397, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, August 1994.

Hirst, Eric and Stan Hadley, "Effects of Resource Acquisitions on Electric-Utility Shareholders", ORNL/CON-387, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, May 1994.

Hadley, Stanton W., Lawrence J. Hill, and Robert D. Perlack, "Report on the Study of Tax and Rate Treatment of Renewable Energy Projects", ORNL-6772, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, December 1993.

Trivelpiece, A.W., M.W. Rosenthal, B.R. Appleton, W. Fulkerson, O.B. Morgan, D.E. Reichle, J.B. Richard, J.O. Stiegler, J.H. Swanks, T.D. Anderson, A.W. Renshaw, A.E. Ekkebus, N.W. Grady, S.W. Hadley, A.E. Hodge, D.E. Hunsaker, S.R. McNeany, S.A. Sherrow, J.W. Sims, J.G. Stradley, B.B. Thomas, R.S. Carlsmith, M.A. Brown, B.A. Carreras, J.B. Roberto, R.I. Van Hook, J.E. Jones, Jr, "Oak Ridge National Laboratory Institutional Plan FY 1993-FY 1998", ORNL/PPA-92/3, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, August 1992.

Hadley, Stanton W., "Oak Ridge National Laboratory Environmental, Safety, and Health Management Plan", ORNL-6702, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, December 1991.

Hadley, S. W., "Self-Assessment of Central Management Offices Division", ORNL/FPO-90/149, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, October 1990.

Graves, D.D., O.B. Morgan, D.E. Reichle, A. Zucker, W. Fulkerson, B.R. Appleton, J.H. Swanks, S.W. Hadley, J.R. Engle, C.A. Johnson, D.G. O'Conner, R.A. Cantor, F.A. Modine, T.D. Anderson, B.Y. Wilkes, A.W. Trivelpiece, M.W. Rosenthal, J.B. Richard, "Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Self-Assessment Report - Vol. 3. Energy Research and Development Second Half FY 1990", ORNL/FPO-90/127/V3, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, September 1990.

Trivelpiece, A.W., M.W. Rosenthal, A. Zucker, C.R. Richmond, F.R. Mynatt, O.B. Morgan, B.R. Appleton, T.D. Anderson, B.Y. Wilkes, C.A. Johnson, S.W. Hadley, J.R. Engel, R.A.Cantor, B. L. Burks, V.B. Baylor, "Oak Ridge National Laboratory Institutional Plan FY 1990-FY 1995", ORNL/PPA-89/2, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, October 1989.

Kerr, Howard, Fred Mynatt, and Stan Hadley, “The Research Reactor Dilemma,” ORNL Review, Vol. 22(4), 6-13, 1989.

Hadley, S.W., W. H. Jaunsen, B. J. Kirby, W. T. McCarley, R. L. Smith, "TVA demand charge deferral analysis", K/OA-5988, Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant, 1986.

Hadley, S.W., "PRICE: A code to analyze the enrichment enterprise finances using the MECCA data base", K/OP-323, Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant, 1984.

Cross, K.E., S.W. Hadley, W. T. McCarley, and H. M. Noritake, "MECCA cases for DOE", K/OP–321, January 1983.

Prince, B. E., and S. W. Hadley, "Evaluation of Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing Strategies: 2. LWR Fuel Storage, Recycle Economics and Plutonium Logistics", K/OP-299 Part 2, Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant, October 1983.

Prince, B. E., and S. W. Hadley, "Evaluation of Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing Strategies: 1. Nuclear Power Expansion Prospects and the Transition to Breeders", K/OP-299 Part 1, Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant, November 1982.

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