ORNL Stellarator Articles

All of these articles are in Adobe PDF format.

Orbit topology in conventional stellarators in the presence of electric fields 

by James A. Rome, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

This is a color version of the article published in Nuclear Fusion, Vol. 35, No. 2, (1995) 195

Orbits are considered in conventional stellarators (i.e. with helical coils) using Boozer coordinates. The Advanced Toroidal Facility (ATF) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, will be used as an example to study the effects of its configurational flexibility on orbit topology. It is shown that the symplectic integration technique yields superior results for single particle orbits. These orbits will be compared with predictions using the J* invariant. J* conservation allows examination and understanding of the global stellarator topology, both with and without radial electric fields.

Recent Advances in Stellarator Development

by J. F. Lyon, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

This is an invited paper presented at the Symposium on Fusion Engineering (SOFE), September 30-October 5, 1995, in Champaign, Illinois. It will be published in Fusion Technology in 1996 in the Proceedings of that meeting.

Large stellarator research programs are being pursued in Europe and Japan (>$1 billion in new facilities). These programs are important because the similarities and differences between stellarators and tokamaks can be used both to improve our understanding of toroidal confinement and to develop an improved reactor concept. Stellarators have performance similar to that of comparable tokamaks. New large stellarator experiments under construction with superconducting coils will have parameters comparable to those of present tokamaks. Significant experimental and theoretical progress has been made in understanding transport, finite-beta behavior in three-dimensional toroidal geometry, and concept improvement. Ideas to further improve the stellarator concept will be tested in new experiments. Recent studies have improved the stellarator reactor concept and shown that stellarators can be competitive with tokamaks as reactors.

Compact Stellarator Articles

The U.S. stellarator community has written a White Paper that describes the US Compact Stellarator Program:

A talk was given at the March 2005 DOE Budget Planning Meeting on the US Compact Stellarator Program that discussed the program logic for the U.S. compact stellarator program, the experimental facilities and programs, and the contributions that the program makes to the Fusion Energy Sciences Advisory Committee list of priority questions for the U.S. fusion program.

Other articles from the Stellarator Community

Community response to FEAC Panel

In January 1996, the Fusion Energy Advisory Committee (FEAC) recommended to DOE that a review of Alternative Concepts (including stellarators) be carried out as part of making the transition to a Fusion Energy Sciences Program. This review was held on April 23 and the attached document gives the U.S. stellarator community response to the questions raised by the review panel, including the world-wide status of research and achievements on stellarators, the appropiate level of research, and the potential inpact of U.S. stellarator research.

U.S. Stellarator Program Plan

The U.S. stellarator community has prepared a "White Paper" outlining the need for an enhanced stellarator program as part of the U.S. Innovative Confinement Concepts program.  The White Paper describes why stellarators  are an essential part of an innovative U.S. fusion science program, the key issues for a U.S. stellarator program, the proposed national stellarator research program, and how it relates to the broader world stellarator program.  The two new elements of the proposed program are based on promising complementary transport optimization strategies for compact stellarators: quasi-axisymmetry (QA) and quasi-omnigeneity (QO).  Both the QA and QO concepts make use of the internally generated "bootstrap" current to different degrees, rather than suppressing it, to create configurations with low plasma aspect ratio.  A determination of the optimum strategy to pursue is one of the U.S. stellarator program's goals.

U.S. Stellarator Proof of Principle Program

An integrated program with mutually supporting elements is proposed to develop the physics basis for high-beta good-confinement stellarators with low plasma aspect ratio that could lead to more compact stellarator reactors.  The program consists of: (1) a new "proof-of-principle" facility, the National Compact Stellarator Experiment (NCSX); (2) a new concept exploration experiment, the Quasi-Omnigeneous Stellarator (QOS); (3) the existing Helically Symmetric Experiment and an upgrade to the Compact Auburn Torsatron; (4) stellarator theory focusing on concept optimization and key stellarator physics issues; (5) collaboration with the international stellarator program in specific areas; and (6) system studies to guide concept optimization tradeoffs.  The two new elements of the proposed program are based on promising transport optimization strategies for compact stellarators: quasiaxisymmetry (NCSX) and quasiomnigeneity (QOS); each has distinct complementary advantages (physics, reactor embodiment).  Determination of the optimum approach to pursue is a goal of the US stellarator program.

U.S. Stellarator Program — Opportunities for Concept Improvement (July 1999)

The U.S. stellarator community presented a "White Paper" at the 2-week July 1999 Fusion Summer Study at Snowmass, Colorado outlining a proposed increased U.S. stellarator program. The White Paper discusses: (1) advanced toroidal confinement approaches; (2) compact stellarators; (3) stellarator research opportunities; (4) the proposed National Compact Stellarator Experiment (NCSX); (5) the proposed Quasi-Omnigeneous Stellarator (QOS); (6) the existing Helically Symmetric Experiment (HSX); (7) an upgrade to the Compact Auburn Torsatron (CAT-U); (8) international collaboration; and (9) system studies.



Stellarator Workshop database

CIEMAT has undertaken the compilation of a database containing the proceedings of past Stellarator Workshops, since proceedings for many past events are not available via the Internet. Currently this page (which is still under construction) is available at



Back to Stellarator Home Page