The overarching goal of the Fluid Interface Reactions, Structures and Transport (FIRST) Center is to develop fundamental understanding and validated, predictive models of the unique nanoscale environment at fluid-solid interfaces that will enable transformative advances in electrical energy storage and electrocatalysis.
The FIRST Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRCs) is primarily located within Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and includes researchers at Argonne National Laboratory and seven partner universities (Delaware, Drexel, Minnesota, Penn State, Vanderbilt and the Universities of California at Davis and Riverside, and the University of Minnesota). We employ a Model-Integrated Synthesis, Characterization and Experiment (MISCE) approach to achieve fundamental understanding and experimentally-validated conceptual and computational models of fluid-solid interfaces (FSIs) representative of those encountered in advanced energy systems and devices, including batteries, supercapacitors and photo- and electrochemical cells.
- How does the interfacial region differ in structure, dynamics and reactivity from the bulk properties of the juxtaposed fluid and solid phases?
- How do altered interfacial fluid properties couple with complex substrate nanogeometries and functionalities to influence chemical reactions, ionic and molecular transport and charge transfer within and across the interface?
- Can we achieve a quantitative, atomic-nanoscale understanding of FSI phenomena that will enable informed selection and design of fluid and solid components, chemistries and interfacial geometries to attain desired FSI functionality?