Monday, January 24, 2011
ORNL in the News

Neutrons 'go viral' at ORNL

(Scientific Computing) Without a host, a virus is a dormant package of proteins, genetic material and occasional lipids. Once inside a living cell, however, a virus can latch onto cell parts and spring into action - mutating, replicating and spreading into new cells. ..1/21

Saint-Gobain Joins US-China Clean Energy Research Center Consortium

(PR-USA.Net) Saint-Gobain, the world's largest building products manufacturer, has been selected to join the U.S. Department of Energy's U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center for Building Energy Efficiency (CERC BEE)...The CERC BEE features a consortium led by Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory that includes Oak Ridge National Laboratory and industry research partners, such as Saint-Gobain...1/21

UT-Battelle gives $450,000 to fund distance learning in East Tennessee

(WATE) UT-Battelle on Friday gave $450,000 to Knox County's Great Schools Partnership to fund distance learning programs in science and math.  The funding is for high schools in Knox County and surrounding counties. Officials made the announcement at Bearden High School in West Knoxville...1/21

Biodiesel shivers in the face of winter weather

(Medill Reports) Chicagoans aren’t the only ones having a tough time with winter weather. Biodiesel also struggles to perform in cold temperatures. “When biodiesel gets down to around 4 or 5 degrees C [about 41 degrees Fahrenheit] you get precipitates that form,” said Mike Kass, senior development engineer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Oak Ridge, Tenn. “When you heat the solution back up, the precipitates do not go out.”

DOE

Y-12: Oak Ridge treasure -- national resource

(Oak Ridger) In the fall of 1995, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Review, Vol. 28, No. 1, featured an article titled, "Oak Ridge Solution to Manufacturing Problems," written by Bill Wilburn. His introductory caption to his lead photograph of Jerry Whitaker of Oak Ridge Centers for Manufacturing Technology's Testing and Evaluation stated, "The end of the Cold War continues to drive a national effort to use defense technologies to enhance the nation's industrial competitiveness."...1/20

Big cleanup questions still loom at Hanford

(The Seattle Times) Rising from the desert sand outside the Tri-Cities is a construction project unlike any in history.  The buildings going up in this gated-off stretch of tumbleweed are reinforced with as much steel as three Eiffel Towers...1/22

Nuclear bomb dismantling project at Y-12 furthers commitment to arms reduction

(Knoxville News Sentinel) Workers at the Y-12 National Security Complex are dismantling components from two of the most powerful nuclear bombs ever built - the B83 and the B53 - and have completed the first unit on each weapon system...1/24

State & Regional

Haslam defends disclosure decision

(Tennessean) Gov. Bill Haslam is sticking by his decision not to reveal his income or to require his cabinet to do so.  Shortly after his inauguration, Haslam ended a policy put in place by his predecessor, Phil Bredesen, that required all members of the governor’s administration to disclose their sources of income and how much they make...1/19

National

A Path Is Sought for States to Escape Their Debt Burdens

(New York Times) Policy makers are working behind the scenes to come up with a way to let states declare bankruptcy and get out from under crushing debts, including the pensions they have promised to retired public workers...1/20

Postal Service Eyes Closing Thousands of Post Offices

(Wall Street Journal) The U.S. Postal Service plays two roles in America: an agency that keeps rural areas linked to the rest of the nation, and one that loses a lot of money.   Now, with the red ink showing no sign of stopping, the postal service is hoping to ramp up a cost-cutting program that is already eliciting yelps of pain around the country...1/24

East Tennessee

Unusual cold has farmers, gardeners taking extra steps

(WBIR) After a colder than normal December, farmers like Doug Shanks are bracing for an equally cold January.  "Maybe once or twice a month, it stays below freezing for several days and lots of snow and stuff," the Lenoir City farmer said...1/23

energy & science policy

Inside Energy Extra

1/21 A daily report on U.S. energy policy
[ORNL users only]

  • EPA OKs E15 for 2001-06 vehicles
  • Group sounds Obama nuclear appeal
  • Obama touts advanced energy technology
  • Freshmen head House science panels

science & technology

How The World's Most Powerful Visualization Lab Turns Hard Data Into Scientific Cinema

(Popular Science) Constructing the cosmos isn't easy. There are a lot of moving parts to keep in mind, ranging from the astronomically large to the infinitesimally small. But in a plain campus building on the northern fringe of the University of Illinois, Robert Patterson hurtles through a galaxy he and his colleagues created, checking and re-checking his path to account for both physics and physiology..1/21.

Split-cycle engine now more efficient than traditional combustion engine

(Phys.Org) Split-cycle engines have been around for some time but until now have never matched the fuel efficiency of traditional internal combustion engines. That is about to change, with the latest split-cycle engines from the Scuderi Group offering greater fuel efficiency and up to 80 percent reduction in NOx emissions and 50 percent reduction in CO2...1/24

World's Largest Extinction Explained by World's Largest Volcanic Eruption

(FoxNews) About 250 million years ago, hundreds of millions of years before the dinosaurs were wiped from the face of the planet, 95 percent of the primitive life developing in the sea was wiped out -- and 70 percent of the critters evolving on the Earth's surface. And no one knew why -- until now...1/23

Other Stories

Google targets spam-laden websites

(Phys.Org) While the amount of "webspam" in query results is less than half of what it was five years ago, the California-based Internet firm has seen a "slight uptick" in recent months, according to Google principal engineer Matt Cutts. "Webspam is junk you see in search results when websites try to cheat their way into higher positions in search results or otherwise violate search engine quality guidelines," Cutts explained in a blog post...1/21

The Understudy Takes the Stage at Apple

(New York Times) On an 18-hour flight from California to Singapore a few years ago, Timothy D. Cook, Apple’s chief operating officer, had little time for small talk with a colleague. Glued to his business class seat, Mr. Cook had his nose in spreadsheets, preparing for a thorough review of Apple’s Asian operations...1/23