Wednesday, May 16, 2012
ORNL in the News

The use of acoustic inversion to estimate the bubble size distribution in pipelines

(EurekAlert) New research from the University of Southampton has devised a new method to more accurately measure gas bubbles in pipelines...Professor Leighton and his team (Post-doctoral research fellows Kyungmin Baik and Jian Jiang) were commissioned to undertake the work as part of an ongoing programme to devise ways of more accurately estimating the BSD for the mercury-filled steel pipelines of the target test facility (TTF) of the $1.4 billion Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, USA one of the most powerful pulsed neutron sources in the world...5/15

Nvidia chip aims to power fastest supercomputer

(BBC News) Chip maker Nvidia has revealed details of a new graphics processing unit (GPU) which it says will create the world's most powerful computer. Thousands of the firm's Tesla K20 modules will be fitted to an existing supercomputer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee, US...5/15

Adam LaClair wins 4-yr UT-Battelle Scholarship

Adam LaClair(Knoxville News Sentinel) Adam LaClair, a senior at Oak Ridge High School, is the 2012 recipient of the UT-Battelle Scholarship. The four-year scholarship to the University of Tennessee has a value of $20,000. UT-Battelle, the manager of ORNL, awards the scholarship annually to a graduating senior with a parent who works at the Oak Ridge lab...5/15

LABRADOR soon to sniff out graves around the world

(WATE) Technology developed over decades at the UT body farm that gained nationwide attention during the Casey Anthony trial could soon be in the hands of law enforcement all over the world. ORNL scientist Dr. Arpad Vass is the inventor of the LABRADOR, a device that detects the odor of human decomposition, similar to what cadaver dogs are trained to do...5/15

DOE

DOE's depleted uranium deal will extend Paducah operations, provide fuel to TVA; Rep. Markey objects

(Knoxville News Sentinel) The Department of Energy today announced that it had completed an agreement -- in concert with Energy Northwest, TVA and USEC Inc. -- to transfer high-assay depleted uranium that will be enriched at the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant in Kentucky over the next year and ultimately be used to fuel reactors for EN and TVA...5/15

Y-12 takes ‘little things’ approach to save energy by 9 percent

(Oak Ridger) In just five months, the Jack Case Center at the National Nuclear Security Administration's Y-12 National Security Complex has achieved compliance with a national building standard for energy sustainability by reducing energy consumption by nine percent.

National

JP Morgan chief apologizes for $2 billion loss

(CS Monitor) The CEO of JPMorgan Chase offered a quick but blunt apology to shareholders Tuesday for a $2 billion trading loss that "should never have happened" and survived a push to strip him of the title of chairman of the board...5/15

East Tennessee

Baumgartner faces federal drug charges, pleads not guilty

(WBIR) Former Knox County judge Richard Baumgartner is charged with seven counts of misprision of a felony, which essentially means the "improper performance of a duty." A federal grand jury in Knoxville returned a seven-count indictment against Baumgartner on Tuesday, May 15...5/15

School buses will not run for the rest of the school year in Union County

(Volunteer TV) Every morning the bus depot is usually empty; but for the rest of the school year school buses will remain parked and parents will be forced to find ways to take their kids to school...5/15

State & Regional

4 Ala. men fined for stealing cultural artifacts

(Knoxville News Sentinel) Four Alabama men have been fined in federal court after stealing cultural artifacts from Tennessee Valley Authority reservoir property...5/16

Japan to honor Alexander of Tenn.

(Knoxville News Sentinel) Japan is bestowing national decorations on Sen. Lamar Alexander and a Vanderbilt University professor. The consulate general's office announced Tuesday that Emperor Akihito is conferring the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star to Alexander for furthering U.S. economic relations with Japan...5/16

science & technology

Gene linked to post-traumatic stress

(Nature News) European researchers have identified a gene that is linked to improved memory, but also to increased risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...5/14

Runner's High Hardwired in People—And Dogs

(National Geographic) People are wired to run, according to a new study that looked at the roots of the pleasurable sensation known as runner's high. Experienced during moderate to intense aerobic exercise, runner's high occurs when natural chemicals called endocannabinoids activate the part of the brain associated with "feeling good," said study co-author Greg Gerdeman...5/10

Engineer Details Plans to Build a Real, Burj-Dubai-Sized Starship Enterprise in 20 Years

Enterprise(Popular Science) The year 2245 is just too distant — we should build and commission a real USS Enterprise right now, cracking the champagne across her hull within 20 years, according to an enterprising engineer...5/14

New look at prolonged radiation exposure: Study suggests that at low dose-rate, radiation poses little risk to DNA

(Medical Xpress) A new study from MIT scientists suggests that the guidelines governments use to determine when to evacuate people following a nuclear accident may be too conservative...5/15

Sulfur Finding May Hold Key to Gaia Theory of Earth as Living Organism

(Science Daily) Is Earth really a sort of giant living organism as the Gaia hypothesis predicts? A new discovery made at the University of Maryland may provide a key to answering this question...5/15

Other Stories

Plagiarism charge for Romanian minister

(Nature News) Romania’s new government was thrown into turmoil last week after its education and research minister, Ioan Mang, was accused of extensive plagiarism in at least eight of his academic papers...5/15

Are Pit Bulls Inherently Dangerous?

Pit Bull(Discovery News) The Maryland Court of Appeals recently deemed pit bulls and pit bull mixes "inherently dangerous," but many animal experts and dog advocates believe the court overstepped its authority. "Inherently dangerous" implies that all pit bulls are, through genetics or their environment, born with a vicious streak...5/15