Monday, August 9, 2010
ORNL in the News

Whiffs of Stiffs

(U.S. News and World Report) Researchers have unearthed a new way to find a buried body. The sensitive method, published online June 23 in Forensic Science International, detected trace compounds emanating from decomposing rats months after death....“There are about 18,000 clandestine graves in the United States and 100,000 homicides annually, so stuff like this is needed,” says forensic scientist Arpad Vass of Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee...8/6

Unprecedented look at oxide interfaces reveals unexpected structures on atomic scale

(domain-b) Thin layers of oxide materials and their interfaces have been observed in atomic resolution during growth for the first time by researchers at the Centre for Nanophase Materials Sciences at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, providing new insight into the complicated link between their structure and properties...8/7

The ‘Magic’ of Tin

(Nano Techwire) The metal tin lacks the value and prestige of gold, silver, and platinum but to nuclear physicists, tin is magic....Professor Jolie Cizewski and postdoctoral researcher Kate Jones, now an assistant professor at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville, wanted to boost the scientific community’s knowledge of magic numbers by studying an isotope of tin that is, in fact, doubly magic – with 50 protons and 82 neutrons...Working at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility, Jones and Cizewski created this short-lived but magic isotope of tin and immediately modified it by adding a single neutron – converting it from tin-132 (the isotope with 82 neutrons) to tin-133 (the isotope with 83 neutrons)...8/9

DOE

U.S. Department of Energy Designates FAU's Center for Ocean Energy Technology as a New National Marine Renewable Energy Center

(PR Newswire) The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has designated the Center for Ocean Energy Technology (COET) at Florida Atlantic University as a national center for ocean energy research and development. The new Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center (SNMREC) at FAU joins centers in the Pacific Northwest and Hawaii that also work to advance the operational readiness of ocean energy technologies...8/6

65th anniversary of atomic bombing remembered at plant

(Knoxville News Sentinel) On the 65th anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, Japan, a couple dozen peace activists gathered before dawn to remember those who died from the bomb's blast and to push for a world free of nuclear weapons...8/6

East Tennessee

TVA experimental houses save on energy use

(Tennessean) TVA's energy efficient homes project in a subdivision near Knoxville has shown major savings, with a year-round bill for the most technologically advance running $450 for the year ending last month...8/6

Thousand cankers disease hits ET

(Knoxville News Sentinel) A disease-causing fungus that kills black walnut trees has been confirmed in East Tennessee.  The discovery of thousand cankers disease comes just one week after state agricultural officials announced the unwelcome arrival in Knox County of the emerald ash borer, an exotic beetle that kills ash trees...8/7

National

As oil spill cleanup shifts gears, gulf residents fear they'll be forgotten

(Washington Post [Registration Required] Obama administration officials promised Sunday to remain focused on the Gulf Coast -- punishing BP for the worst oil spill in U.S. history, and cleaning up what remains of the mess...8/9

Fed set to downgrade outlook for US

(Financial Times) [Registration Required] The Federal Reserve is set to downgrade its assessment of US economic prospects when it meets on Tuesday to discuss ways to reboot the flagging recovery.  Faced with weak economic data and rising fears of a double-dip recession, the Federal Open Market Committee is likely to ensure its policy is not constraining growth and to use its statement to signal greater concern about the economy...8/8

Some Firms Struggle to Hire Despite High Unemployment

(Wall Street Journal) In Bloomington, Ill., machine shop Mechanical Devices can't find the workers it needs to handle a sharp jump in business. Job fairs run by airline Emirates attract fewer applicants in the U.S. than in other countries. Truck-stop operator Pilot Flying J says job postings don't elicit many more applicants than they did when the unemployment rate was below 5%...8/9

 

 

 

 

energy & science policy

Inside Energy Extra

7/6 A daily report on U.S. energy policy
[ORNL users only]

  • DOE lags in stimulus spending: audit
  • Vitol seeks quick OK for power export
  • Kerry aims lower on energy, for now
  • UN climate chief claims progress

science & technology

Researchers demonstrate highly directional Terahertz laser rays

(Phys.Org) A collaborative team of applied scientists from Harvard University and the University of Leeds have demonstrated a new terahertz (THz) semiconductor laser that emits beams with a much smaller divergence than conventional THz laser sources...8/8

In an Astronomical First, Scientists Capture 3-D View of Exploding Star

(Popular Science) Those of you who thought 3-D had jumped the shark, check this out. Using a new instrument at the Very Large Telescope, astronomers have been able to capture a three-dimensional view of the distribution of the innermost material expelled by a supernova, the European Southern Observatory said today.

Other Stories

Former Knoxville actress Patricia Neal dies

(Knoxville News Sentinel) The distinctive husky voice that brought majesty to the written word - scripts on Broadway and television and Hollywood films - has been silenced.  Iconic Academy Award-winning actress Patricia Neal, 84, who grew up in Knoxville, lost her battle with lung cancer at 11 a.m. Sunday at her Martha's Vineyard, Mass., home, surrounded by her family, according to Bud Albers, a close Knoxville family friend...8/9

Ice Chunk Larger Than Manhattan Breaks Off Greenland Glacier

(LiveScience) A chunk of ice four times the size of Manhattan has calved from Greenland's Petermann Glacier, scientists announced today.  The last time the Arctic lost such a large chunk of ice was in 1962. "In the early morning hours of August 5, 2010, an ice island four times the size of Manhattan was born in northern Greenland," said Andreas Muenchow, associate professor of physical ocean science and engineering at the University of Delaware...8/6