Jaime FarringtonJaime Farrington helps commercialize tools for synchrotron science

As a technology development scientist with Sydor Instruments, Jaime Farrington truly enjoys his work on innovative research applications. Farrington works on custom diagnostics and imaging systems for a variety of applications, and serves as a liaison between Sydor Instruments and scientists at research facilities such as the National Synchrotron Light Source II at DOE's Brookhaven Lab.

His relationship with Brookhaven Lab started right after he earned his Ph.D. in physics in 2010.

“I was hired by the Chemistry Department to develop an infrared beamline at the Laser-Electron Accelerator Facility (LEAF),” he said. “They needed someone with a technical science background who had experience developing instrumentation. I worked on the physical layout of the new beamline, component testing, and developing beamline control systems.”

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A member of the U.S. Army Special Forces, left, demonstrates the Rapid Adaptive Zoom for Assault Rifles prototype developed at Sandia National Laboratories.Adaptive zoom riflescope prototype has push-button magnification

When an Army Special Forces officer-turned engineer puts his mind to designing a military riflescope, he doesn’t forget the importance of creating something for the soldiers who will carry it that is easy to use, extremely accurate, light-weight and has long-lasting battery power.

Optical engineer Brett Bagwell at DOE's Sandia National Laboratories led the development of the Rapid Adaptive Zoom for Assault Rifles (RAZAR) prototype. At the push of a button, RAZAR can toggle between high and low magnifications, enabling soldiers to zoom in without having to remove their eyes from their targets or their hands from their rifles.

“The impetus behind the idea of push-button zoom is you can acquire what you’re interested in at low magnification and, without getting lost, zoom in for more clarity,” Bagwell said.

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See also…

DOE Pulse
  • Number 427  |
  • November 24, 2014
  • Synthetic biology for space exploration

    Microbial-based biomanufacturing could be transformative once explorers arrive at an extraterrestrial site. (Image courtesy of Royal Academy Interface) Does synthetic biology hold the key to manned exploration of Mars and the Moon? Researchers with the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) carried out a techno-economic analysis demonstrating “the significant utility” of deploying non-traditional biological techniques for manned long-duration space missions.

    “Not only does synthetic biology promise to make the travel to extraterrestrial locations more practical and bearable, it could also be transformative once explorers arrive at their destination,” says Adam Arkin, director of the Physical Biosciences Division at DOE's Berkeley Lab and a leading authority on synthetic and systems biology.

    “During flight, the ability to augment fuel and other energy needs, to provide small amounts of needed materials, plus renewable, nutritional and taste-engineered food, and drugs-on-demand can save costs and increase astronaut health and welfare,” Arkin says. “At an extraterrestrial base, synthetic biology could even make more effective use of the catalytic activities of diverse organisms.”

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  • Nanoparticle research aimed at catalytic materials designs

    Ames scientists modeled the passing probability of two molecules within narrow channels of mesoporous nanoparticles to help determine optimal nanoparticle design. Scientists at DOE's Ames Laboratory have developed deeper understanding of the ideal design for mesoporous nanoparticles used in catalytic reactions, such as hydrocarbon conversion to biofuels.

    The research will help determine the optimal diameter of channels within the nanoparticles to maximize catalytic output: narrow enough to fit as many pores in each particle as possible to maximize the number of catalytic sites – but wide enough for catalytic products and reactants to easily squeeze by each other and efficiently complete the reaction. To determine this “sweet spot” for channel diameter, scientists ran millions of simulation trials to better understand how molecules move past each other within the channel.

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  • Materials researchers get first look at atom-thin boundaries

    The first direct observations of the electronic behaviors of a one-dimensional boundary separating atom-thin graphene and hexagonal boron nitride materials. Scientists at DOE’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have made the first direct observations of a one-dimensional boundary separating two different, atom-thin materials, enabling studies of long-theorized phenomena at these interfaces.

    Theorists have predicted the existence of intriguing properties at one-dimensional (1-D) boundaries between two crystalline components, but experimental verification has eluded researchers because atomically precise 1-D interfaces are difficult to construct.

    “While many theoretical studies of such 1-D interfaces predict striking behaviors, in our work we have provided the first experimental validation of those interface properties,” said ORNL’s An-Ping Li.

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  • How to eat a wooden ship, shipworm-style

    Despite its name, the shipworm is actually a clam with a unique digestive strategy. (Dan Distel, Ocean Genome Legacy Center of New England Biolabs) Shipworms have been called “termites of the sea” because they’ve been vexing seafarers for centuries. Among the problems attributed to them are events such as flooding of the Netherlands in the 18th and 19th centuries, and they were also responsible for an estimated $15 million in damages to the wharves of San Francisco, California around 1920.

    For bioenergy researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI), a DOE Office of Science User Facility, the shipworm’s destructive capabilities could prove useful for the industrial production of advanced biofuels from plants. For this reason, under the DOE JGI’s Community Science Program, a team led by collaborator Daniel Distel, Director of the Ocean Genome Legacy Center of New England Biolabs at Northeastern University, has focused on the shipworm Bankia setacea to learn more about the enzymes it utilizes to break down wood for nutrition.

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