Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelopes
of Whole Buildings XIII International Conference

December 4-8, 2016



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Buildings X Proceedings, December 2007

Paper 1 A Flight over a Roof Landscape: Impact of 40 Years of Roof Research on Roof Practices in

Hugo Hens
Felix Vaes
Arnold Janssens
Geert Houvenaghel

Paper 2 Surrogates for Product Performance Durability? A Review of Window Warranties R. Christopher Mathis
Paper 3 70 Million Years of Building Thermal Envelope Experience: Building Science Lessons from the Honey Bee R. Christopher Mathis
David R. Tarpy
Paper 10 Causes and Effects of High Humidity in South Florida Schools Roger G. Morse
Paul E. Haas
Dean A. Zehnter
Paper 12 Ventilation Drying in Enclosure Walls with Vinyl Cladding Xing Shi
Eric Burnett
Paper 14 Air Barriers in High Interior RH Specialty Buildings: Considerations for Control of Moisture-Laden Air in Museums, Labs, and Natatoriums Paul E. Totten
Sean M. O'Brien
Paper 15 Zero Peak Communities Electric Utility Benefits Jeff Christian
Lew Pratsch
T.J. Blasing
Paper 18 Designing Low-Emittance Low-Slope Roofs that Comply with California Title 24 Requirements William (Bill) Miller
Lee Shoemaker
Andre Desjarlais
Scott Kriner
Russ Dunlap
Adam Youngquist
Paper 19 Natural Convection Heat Transfer in Roofs with Above-Sheathing Ventilation William Miller
Majid Keyhani
Timothy Stovall
Adam Youngquist
Paper 20 Energy Savings for Stucco Walls Coated with Cool Colors

Thomas W. Petrie
Jerald A. Atchley
Phillip W. Childs
Andre O. Desjarlais

Paper 21 Modeling the Thermal Performance of Ballasted Roof Systems Andre O. Desjarlais
Thomas W. Petrie
Jerald A. Atchley
Paper 22 Field Evaluation of Low-E Storm Windows S. Craig Drumheller
Christian Köhler
Stefanie Minen
Paper 23 Air Permeability and Thermal Performance of Concrete Block Wall Sections Rachel Becker
Paper 28 Conservation Heating for a Museum Environment in a Monumental Building Edgar Heuhaus
Henk L. Schellen
Paper 29 Wind-Driven Rain Assessment on Buildings Using Climatic Data Sets: What Time Resolution is Needed? B. Blocken
J. Carmeliet
Paper 30 Modeling Energy Performance of Concrete Buildings for LEED-NC v2.2 Energy and Atmosphere Credit 1 Medgar L. Marceau
Martha G. VanGeem
Iyad M. Alsamsam
Paper 31 An Exploration of Wall Retrofit Best Practices Therese Stovall
Thomas Petrie
Jan Kosny
Phillip Childs
Jerry Atchley
Kimberly Sissom
Paper 35 Use of Microencapsulated Phase Change Materials in Building Applications C. Castellón
M. Medrano
J. Roca
M. Nogués
A. Castell
L.F. Cabeza
Paper 36 Field Performance of an Unvented Cathedral Ceiling (UCC) in Vancouver C.J. Schumacher
E. Reeves
Paper 39 Thermal Performance of a Passive House: Measurements and Simulation Gulten Manioglu
Veerle De Meulenaer
Joris Wouters
Hugo Hens
Paper 41 Small-Scale High-Performance Sustainable Construction: Two Wisconsin Case Studies Thomas Brown
Paper 43 Enhanced Daylighting through Digital Fabrication Glenn Sweitzer
Joshua Vermillion
Paper 44 Experimental Methods to Derive Hygrothermal Material Functions for Numerical Simulation Tools Rudolf Plagge
Gregor Scheffler
Andreas Nicolai
Paper 47 The Effects and Cost Impact of Poor Airtightness—Information for Developers and Clients Per Ingvar Sandberg
Claes Bankvall
Eva Sikander
Paula Wahlgren
Bengt Larsson
Paper 48 Prefabricated Elements Used as Strip Foundation of Single-Family Housing T. Valdbjørn Rasmussen
Paper 49 Thermal Performance of Gas-Filled Panels with Reflective Surfaces Installed in an Attic David W. Yarbrough
Thomas W. Petrie
Doug Kinninger
Ronald S. Graves
Paper 51 Ventilated Wall Claddings: Review, Field Performance, and Hygrothermal Modeling Graham Finch
John Straube
Paper 52 Factors Determining Surface Moisture on External Walls Hartwig M. Künzel
Paper 56 Commissioning of Exterior Building Envelopes of Large Buildings for Resultant Moisture Accumulation Using Infrared Thermography and Other Diagnostic Tools Mario D. Gonçalves
Tony Colantonio
Paper 57 Design Considerations for Curtain Wall Parapets in Cold Climates Mario D. Gonçalves
Paper 61 Coupled Simulation of Vapor Flow between Air and a Porous Material Adam Neale
Dominique Derome
Bert Blocken
Jan Carmeliet
Paper 62 Analysis and Comparison of the Hygrothermal Performance of a “Passive House”—Wall Systems in the Climate of Central Europe Christoph Buxbaum
Albert Seiler
Oskar Pankratz
Paper 66 Field Correlation of the Performance of Insulating Glass Units in Buildings—A Twenty-Five Year Study A. William Lingnell
James L. Spetz
Paper 71 The Effect of Indoor Humidity on Water Vapor Release in Homes Anton TenWolde
Crystal L. Pilon
Paper 72 Moisture Performance of a Contemporary Wood-Frame House Operated at Design Indoor Humidity Levels Charles Carll
Anton TenWolde
Robert Munson
Paper 76 Proposed Modification of THERM Finite-Element Models Taken from the National Fenestration Rating Council’s Thermal Rating Program for the Analysis and Estimation of Thermal-Induced Glass Stress Under Solar and Shadow Loading Conditions on Fenestration Products Stephen D. Fisher
Paper 78 Thermal Performance of PCM-Enhanced Building Envelope Systems Jan Kosny
David Yarbrough
William Miller
Thomas Petrie
Phillip Childs
Azam Syed
Douglas Leuthold
Paper 79 Nano-Scale Insulation at Work: Thermal Performance of Thermally Bridged Wood and Steel Structures Insulated with Local Aerogel Insulation Jan Kosny
Thomas Petrie
David Yarbrough
Phillip Childs
Azam Mohiuddin Syed
Chris Blair
Paper 80 How the Same Wall Can Have Several Different R-Values: Relations Between Amount of Framing and Overall Thermal Performance in Wood and Steel-Framed Walls Jan Kosny
David Yarbrough
Phillip Childs
Syed Azam Mohiuddin
Paper 81 Measured Change in Multifamily Unit Air Leakage and Airflow Due to Air Sealing and Ventilation Treatments David L. Bohac
James E. Fitzgerald
Martha J. Hewett
David Grimsrud
Paper 83 Full-Scale Experimental Investigation of Moisture Buffering Effect and Indoor Moisture Distribution X. Yang
S. Vera
J. Rao
H. Ge
P. Fazio
Paper 84 An Experimental Study of Shading Devices: Orientation Typology and Material Grace Cristina Roel Gutierrez
Lucila Chebel Labaki
Paper 88 2004 Annual Interlaboratory Comparison of NFRC Accredited Testing Laboratories William C. duPont
Bipin V. Shah
Paper 90 Practical Use of Thermal Breaks in Cladding Support Systems L.B.B. Peer
Paper 92 Calculating the Impact of Ground Contact on Residential Heat Loss David Baylon
Mike Kennedy
Paper 94 Improving the Building Envelope to Meet the Challenges of New Research and Regulation Tony Woods
Paper 95 Zero Energy Homes—The Potential of Large-Scale Implementation Thomas Kenney
Joseph Wiehagen
Paper 96 Crawlspace Design in Marine and Cold Climates Michael Lubliner
Larry Palmiter
David Hales
Andrew Gordon
Paper 100 A Cathedralized Attic in a Hot, Humid Climate—Is it Worth Conditioning? John R. Broniek
Paper 103 Small Homes, Excellent Enclosures, Almost No Heating System: Fact or Fiction? Duncan Prahl
Bruce Coldham
Thomas R.C. Hartman
Katrin Klingenberg
Paper 106 Builder and Space-Conditioning System Challenges in Two Energy-Efficient Houses Eric Helton
Paper 108 Energy Savings and Collateral Impacts of a DHW Water-to-Water Heat Pump System with Subslab Earth Coupling William D. Rittelmann
Paper 118 Pressure Equalized Insulated Glass Units in Exterior Building Envelopes David Ambrose
Achilles N. Karagiozis
Paper 121 Hygrothermal Properties of Exterior Claddings, Sheathing Boards, Membranes, and Insulation Materials for Building Envelope Design Phalguni Mukhopadhyaya
M. Kumar Kumaran
John Lackey
Nicole Normandin
David van Reenen
Fitsum Tariku
Paper 122 Modeled and Measured Drainage, Storage, and Drying behind Cladding Systems J. F. Straube
Paper 123 Field Monitoring and Hygrothermal Modeling of Interior Basement Insulation Systems Kohta Ueno
Christopher Schumacher
John Straube
Paper 124 Case Studies of Moisture Problems in Buildings G. Proskiw
Paper 125 Multi-Criteria Evaluation Framework of Factory-Built Wood-Frame Walls Caroline D. Frenette
Robert Beauregard
Dominique Derome
Paper 127 Insulation Quality and Compliance Assessments—Field Inspections for Insulation Bruce Harley
Paper 128 Green, Affordable Housing Moving Toward “Zero Energy" Robb A. Aldrich
Gayathri Vijayakumar
Paper 129 Can Books and Textiles Help in Controlling the Indoor Relative Humidity? H. Derluyn
H. Janssen
J. Diepens
D. Derome
J. Carmeliet
Paper 130 Investigation of Ventilation Drying of Rainscreen Walls in the Coastal Climate of British Columbia Hua Ge
Ying Ye
Paper 135 Developing Innovative Drainage and Drying Solutions for the Building Enclosure Mark F. Williams
Paper 140 A High-Quality Residential Data Set for Validation of Computer Simulation Models William D. Rittelmann
Paper 142 Effects of Air Leakage of Residential Buildings in Mixed and Cold Climates Florian Antretter
Achilles Karagiozis
Anton TenWolde
Andreas Holm
Paper 143 Scientific Analysis of Vapor Retarder Recommendations for Wall Systems Constructed in North America Achilles N. Karagiozis
Joseph Lstiburek
Andre Desjarlais
Paper 144 Challenges with Using ASTM E 2112 in North American Climate Zones Kevin C. Day
William C. Brown
Paper 148 The Hygrothermal Performance of Wood-Framed Wall Systems Using a Relative Humidity-Dependent Vapor Retarder in the Pacific Northwest Stanley D. Gatland, II
Achilles N. Karagiozis
Charles Murray
Kohta Ueno
Paper 152 Air Leakage of US Homes: Model Prediction Max Sherman
Paper 153 Development of a Robust Termite-Resistant Foam Insulation Jeffrey M. Alcott
Paper 154 Predicting the Effect of Wall-Cladding Ventilation on Condensation due to Sun-Driven Moisture: Comparison of Hygrothermal Simulation with Laboratory Testing Liyen Kan
Joseph P. Piñon
Paper 155 Efficacy of Light Shelves: Passive, Dynamic, and Automatic Devices Related to Light and Thermal Behavior Irving Montanar Franco
Paper 157 Sustainability of the Swedish Built Environment Toward Climate Change: Hygrothermal Effects and Design Criteria for Buildings with Respect to Future Climate Scenarios Anker Nielsen
Erik Kjellström
Angela Sasic Kalagasidis
Paper 162 Improved Model to Predict Mold Growth in Building Materials Hannu Viitanen
Tuomo Ojanen
Paper 163 Large-Scale Experimental Investigation of Wood-Frame Walls Exposed to Simulated Rain Penetration in a Cold Climate Dominique Derome
Guylaine Desmarais
Constance Thivierge
Paper 164 Cyclic Temperature-Gradient-Driven Moisture Transport in Walls with Wetted Masonry Cladding Jan Carmeliet
Achilles Karagiozis
Dominique Derome
Paper 165 Increasing Thermal Performance and Energy Efficiency of Buildings in Russia: Problems and Solutions Yurij A. Matrosov
Mark Chao
Cliff Majersik
Paper 167 Mesoscopic Modeling of Vapor Transport in Wood in Tangential and Radial Direction Wolfgang Zillig
D. Derome
J. Carmeliet
J. Diepens
Paper 168 The Moment Method for Measuring Moisture Diffusivity of Porous Building Materials Dan Gaffner
Paper 175 Whole-Building Hygrothermal Modeling in IEA Annex 41 Carsten Rode
Monika Woloszyn
Paper 180 Ventilated Cathedral Attics in Summer Conditions—Testing Method Cristian Ciucasu
Jérôme Gilles
Jean-Baptiste Rieunier
Paper 182 Development of Limits for the Linear Thermal Transmittance of Thermal Bridges in Buildings A. Janssens
E. Van Londersele
B. Vandermarcke
S. Roels
P. Standaert
P. Wouters
Paper 183 A Method for Including Moisture Safety in the Building Process K. Mjörnell
J. Arfvidsson
T. Larsson
E. Sikander
L. Söderlind
C. Wihlborg
P. Åhman
L. Östberg
Paper 184 Measurements of Moisture Transport in Wood-Based Materials under Isothermal and Nonisothermal Conditions Samuel V. Glass
Paper 186 Reliable Design of Natural Night Ventilation Using Building Simulation Hilde Breesch
Arnold Janssens
Paper 192 A Simplified Rapid Energy Model and Interface for Nontechnical Users Bryan J. Urban
Leon R. Glicksman
Paper 195 Performance Evaluation of Humidity-Controlled Ventilation Strategies in Residential Buildings N. Van Den Bossche
A. Janssens
N. Heijmans
P. Wouters
Paper 196 Modeling and Design Approach for Treatment of Highly Thermally Conductive Architectural Elements in High Performance Buildings in Mixed Climates Peter W. Coats
Paper 197 Humidity Implications for Meeting Residential Ventilation Requirements Iain S. Walker
Max H. Sherman
Paper 198 Simulation of Wind-Driven Rain Penetration Effects on the Performance of a Stucco-Clad Wall F. Tariku
S.M. Cornick
M.A. Lacasse
Paper 204 Evaluation of Water-Resistive Barrier Performance in Stucco Walls Neil P. Leslie
Paper 206 Considerations when Using Foam in Building Construction—Some Lessons Learned David Kayll
Paper 208 Characterization of Indoor Hygrothermal Conditions in Houses in Different Northern Climates M. Rousseau
M. Manning
M.N. Said
S.M. Cornick
M.C. Swinton
Paper 209 Prediction of Insulation Drying in Building Assemblies under Construction Francis J. Babineau, Jr.
Marcus V.A. Bianchi
Paper 210 Air Cavities Behind Claddings—What Have We Learned? Mikael Salonvarra
Achilles N. Karagiozis
Marcin Pazera
William Miller
Paper 211 A Comprehensive Hygrothermal Investigation of an Unvented Energy-Efficient Roof Assembly in the Pacific Northwest Dan Auer
Achilles N. Karagiozis
Andre Desjarlais
Paper 212 Developing a Design Protocol for Low Air and Vapour Permeance Insulating Sheathing in Cold Climates William C. Brown
Patrick Roppel
Mark Lawton
Paper 213 Panels³ Jeff Christian
Paper 218 Moisture-Buffering Effect—Experimental Investigations and Validation Andreas Holm
Kristin Lengsfeld
Paper 219 White Roofs and Moisture in the US Desert Southwest William B. Rose
Paper 220 Modeling of Air Convection Effects on Hygrothermal Performance of Vented Roofs John Grunewald
Andreas Nicolai
Jianshun (Jensen) Zhang
Paper 222 Heat Loss Due to Thermal Bridges in a Foundation with Floor Heating Peter Roots
Carl-Eric Hagentoft
Paper 223 Low Energy Log Walls Under Cold Climate Conditions Tuomo Ojanen
Paper 224 Hygrothermal Performance Testing of Wall Assemblies Employing a Three-Dimensional Weather-Resistive Barrier and Drainage Membrane Marcus Jablonka
Achilles Karagiozis
Paper 225 Cool Roofs and Thermal Insulation: Energy Savings and Peak Demand Reduction Marcus V.A. Bianchi
André O. Desjarlais
William A. Miller
Thomas W. Petrie
Paper 232 Failed Fenestration: New Materials Require New Techniques James D. Katsaros
Barry G. Hardman
Paper 235 Comparison of Measured and Calculated Residential Cooling Loads Charles S. Barnaby
Bruce A. Wilcox
Paper 238 Estimating the Environmental Consequences of Building Envelope Failures Mark Lucuik
Paper 242 Modeling of Uncontrolled Indoor Humidity for HAM Simulations of Residential Buildings Patrick Roppel
William C. Brown
Mark Lawton
Paper 256 Ventilation and Wall Research House W. Maref
B. Ouazia
J. Reardon
M. Rousseau
Paper 257 Determination of Instantaneous Moisture Content and Moisture Potential Profiles Gregor Scheffler
Rudolf Plagge


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