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ARCHIVE: Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues

This page is an archive, the contents of which provide a snapshot in time--describing potential societal concerns arising from increased knowledge of our personal DNA as described and studied during the HGP (1990-2003). The content of this page is as it was at the close of the project with the exception of minor repairs such as the removal of broken links.

Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues Bibliography

Publications Prior to 1995

Download the PDF

The online search version of this Bibliography has been discontinued. This PDF is a complete listing of all records previously available via the search.

This edition of the DOE ELSI Bibliography provides a resource for identifying publications prior to 1995 on the major topics related to the ethical, legal, and social issues (ELSI) surrounding the availability of personal genetic information. There are 6516 records, two-thirds of which are books and articles in the academic and professional literature. The remaining entries are news articles, mostly from major newspapers and science journals.

This list is brought to you by the Biological and Environmental Research Information System (BERIS), Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and funded by the Department of Energy Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research, Human Genome Program. Compiled by Michael S. Yesley, J.D., Los Alamos National Laboratory. Contact the webmaster at if you cannot download the PDF.


Human Genome Project 1990–2003

The Human Genome Project (HGP) was an international 13-year effort, 1990 to 2003. Primary goals were to discover the complete set of human genes and make them accessible for further biological study, and determine the complete sequence of DNA bases in the human genome. See Timeline for more HGP history.

Human Genome News

Published from 1989 until 2002, this newsletter facilitated HGP communication, helped prevent duplication of research effort, and informed persons interested in genome research.