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Human Genome News, January-June 1997; 8:(3-4)
The Cancer Genome Anatomy Project (CGAP) of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) is set to go online (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/CGAP/) with the first installment in its cancer gene catalog. The goal of CGAP, which began last year, is to develop new diagnostic tools based on understanding molecular changes that underlie all cancers. These tools eventually will help doctors develop and select treatments designed to fight specific cancers. Europe is establishing a similar program called the Cancer Gene Expression Program.
One of CGAP's short-term goals is to compile an index of all genes that are turned on during the cancer process. Such an index would allow scientists, for the first time, to create complete genetic profiles differentiating among normal, precancerous, and malignant cells. The index will feature EST sequences from 45 cDNA libraries of lung, colon, prostate, ovarian, and breast tumors. Data about the tumors and source libraries also will be presented.
DOE researchers are generating the bacterial clones needed to hold ESTs and longer cDNA fragments, and the Integrated Molecular Analysis of Gene Expression consortium will make them available to all researchers. DOE support stands at about $1 million. NCI is putting forward $4 million for the index, $6 million to develop gene-analysis technologies and generate long cDNAs, and $10 million to develop clinical applications for this research data. [Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org]
The electronic form of the newsletter may be cited in the following style:
Human Genome Program, U.S. Department of Energy, Human Genome News (v8n3).
The Human Genome Project (HGP) was an international 13-year effort, 1990 to 2003. Primary goals were to discover the complete set of human genes and make them accessible for further biological study, and determine the complete sequence of DNA bases in the human genome. See Timeline for more HGP history.