Human Genome Project Information. Click to return to home page.

Human Genome Acronym List

maintained by HGMIS for the U.S. DOE Human Genome Program

Suggest: remove associations, institutes except for BER and similar

A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z

Decimal Units
10+18 exa
10+15 peta
10+12 tera
10+9 giga
10+6 mega
10+3 kilo
100 ----
10-3 milli
10-6 micro
10-9 nano
10-12 pico
10-15 femto
10-18 atto

  • 2D two dimensional
  • 3D three dimensional


  • AAAI American Association for Artificial Intelligence
  • AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • AACC American Association for Clinical Chemistry
  • AACR American Association for Cancer Research
  • AAI American Association of Immunologists
  • AAIP American Association of Investigative Pathologists
  • AANP American Association of Neuropathologists
  • AAP Association of American Physicians
  • ABA Australian Biotechnology Association
  • ABI Applied Biosystems, Inc.
  • ABIC Agricultural Biotechnology Intl. Conference
  • ABRF Association of Biomolecular Resource Facilities
  • ACE angiotensin-converting enzyme
  • ACEDB A C. elegans database
  • ACMG American College of Medical Genetics
  • ACS American Chemical Society
  • ADA Americans with Disabilities Act
  • AEC Atomic Energy Commission
  • AES American Electrophoresis Society
  • AFM atomic force microscopy
  • AFMR American Federation of Medical Research
  • AFIP/ARP Armed Forces Institute of Patholology/American Registry of Pathology
  • AGSG Alliance of Genetic Support Groups (now Genetic Alliance)
  • AGT Association of Genetic Technologists
  • AHA American Heart Association
  • AIBS American Institute of Biology Society
  • AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  • AMIA American Medical Informatics Association
  • ANGIS Australian National Genomic Information Service
  • ANL Argonne National Laboratory
  • API application programming interface
  • ARP American Registry of Pathology
  • ARS Agricultural Research Service, USDA
  • ASB American Society for Biotechnology
  • ASBMB American Society for Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
  • ASCB American Society for Cell Biology
  • ASCI American Society for Clinical Investigation
  • ASHG American Society for Human Genetics
  • ASIP American Society for Investigative Pathologists
  • ASIS American Society for Information Science
  • ASLME American Society of Law, Medicine, and Ethics
  • ASM American Society for Microbiology
  • ASPET American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
  • ATCC American Type Culture Collection
  • ATP adenosine triphosphate
  • ATP Advanced Technology Program
  • AVS American Vacuum Society
  • AWCH Adelaide Women and Children's Hospital


  • BAC bacterial artificial chromosome
  • BACR British Association for Cancer Research
  • BCM Baylor College of Medicine
  • BDG Batten's disease gene
  • BER Biological and Environmental Research
  • BERAC Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee
  • BIO Biotechnology Industry Organization
  • BNL Brookhaven National Laboratory
  • bp base pair
  • BSCS Biological Sciences Curriculum Study
  • BS/SCF Biological Sequence/Structure Computational Facility
  • BTCI BioPharmaceutical Technology Center Institute
  • BTP Biotechnology Training Programs


  • CAE capillary array electrophoresis
  • CaSSS California Separation Science Society
  • CATCMB Center for Advanced Training in Cell and Molecular Biology
  • CATCMB/CUA Center for Advanced Training in Cell and Molecular Biology/Catholic University of America
  • CCD charged coupled device
  • CCM Chromosome Coordinating Meeting
  • CDC Centers for Disease Control
  • cDNA complementary DNA
  • CE capillary electrophoresis
  • CEPH Centre d'Etude du Polymorphisme Humain
  • CF Cystic Fibrosis
  • CFF Cystic Fibrosis Foundation
  • CHH cartilage-hair hypoplasia
  • CHI Cambridge Healthtech Institute
  • ChIP-Seq chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing
  • CHOP Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
  • CIMB Center for International Meeting on Biology
  • CIOMS Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences
  • CIRB Colorado Institute for Research in Biotechnology
  • CLMA Clinical Laboratory Management Association
  • cM centimorgan
  • CMT Charcot-Marie-Tooth
  • CONTIG Consortium of Teachers in Genetics
  • CORN Council of Regional Networks for Genetic Services
  • CRADA Cooperative Research and Development Agreement
  • CSHL Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
  • CTG trinucleotide repeat


  • DDBJ DNA Data Bank of Japan
  • DHHS Department of Health and Human Services
  • DIMACS Center for Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science
  • DM myotonic dystrophy
  • DMD Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
  • DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
  • DOE Department of Energy


  • ECB European Congress on Biotechnology
  • EDS electronic data submission
  • EEOC Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
  • EL.B.A. ELectronics and Biotechnology Advanced
  • ELSI ethical, legal, and social issues
  • EMBL European Molecular Biology Laboratory
  • EMBO European Molecular Biology Organisation
  • EMG Encyclopedia of the Mouse Genome
  • EMS Environmental Mutagen Society
  • EMSL DOE Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory
  • EORTC European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer
  • eQTL expression quantitative trait locus
  • ERDA Energy Research and Development Administration
  • ERI Eleanor Roosevelt Institute
  • ES embryonic stem
  • ESF European Science Foundation
  • ESHG European Society of Human Genetics
  • ESI electrospray ionization
  • EST expressed sequence tag
  • EUCIB European Collaborative Interspecific Backcross
  • EURESCO European Research Conferences


  • FAP familial adenomatous polyposis
  • FASEB Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
  • FCM flow cytometry
  • FEBS Federation of European Biochemical Societies
  • FISH fluorescence in situ hybridization
  • FMF familial Mediterranean fever
  • FRAXA fragile X locus
  • FRET fluorescence resonance energy transfer
  • FSHD facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy
  • FTICR fourier transform ioncyclotron resonance
  • FTIR Fourier transform infrared (spectroscopy)
  • FVEA Fundacion Valenciana de Estudios Avanzados


  • GAS Genome Automation System
  • GBASE Genome Database of the Mouse
  • GBR Global Business Research
  • GBS genotyping by sequencing
  • GC gas chromatography
  • GC-MS gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
  • GDB Genome Database
  • GDB/OMIM Genome Database/Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man
  • GESTEC Genome Science and Technology Center
  • GIST Genome Informatics System of Transputers
  • GLaRGG Great Lakes Regional Genetics Group
  • GMCRF General Motors Cancer Research Foundation
  • GMD Genomic Map Design
  • GPI Genetics and Public Issues Program
  • GRAIL Gene Recognition and Analysis Internet Link
  • GRC Gordon Research Conference
  • GSA Genetics Societies of America
  • GSDB Genome Sequence Data Base


  • HAEC human artificial episomal chromosome
  • HELSRD Health Effects and Life Science Research Division
  • HERAC Health and Environmental Research Advisory Committee
  • HGCC Human Genome Coordinating Committee
  • HGM Human Genome Meeting
  • HGMIS Human Genome Management Information System
  • HGN Human Genome News
  • HGP Human Genome Project
  • HGT horizontal gene transfer
  • HHMI Howard Hughes Medical Institute
  • HICSS Hawaii International Conference on Systems Science
  • HLA human leukocyte antigen
  • HMDP Homology Database
  • HNPCC hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer
  • HSA human serum albumin
  • HUGO Human Genome Organisation


  • IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer
  • IBC International Business Communications
  • IBEX International Biotechnology EXpo
  • IBF International Business Forum
  • IBI Institute for Biotechnology Information
  • ICES International Council of Electrophoresis Societies
  • ICGEB International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
  • ICHG International Congress of Human Genetics
  • ICPEMC International Commission on Protection Against Environmental Mutagens and Carcinogens
  • ICRF Imperial Cancer Research Fund
  • IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
  • IG IntelliGenetics
  • IGES International Genetics Epidemiology Societies
  • IJCAI International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence
  • IMA Institute for Mathematics and its Applications
  • IMACS International Association for Mathematics and Computers In Simulation
  • IMAGE Integrated Molecular Analysis of Gene Expression
  • IMGS International Mammalian Genome Society
  • INRIA French National Institute for Research in Computer Science and Control
  • IOM Institute of Medicine
  • IOR Institute of Religion
  • IR infrared (spectroscopy)
  • ISAG International Society for Animal Genetics
  • ISMB Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology
  • ISONG International Society of Nurses in Genetics
  • ISQL interactive standard query language
  • ISTR Institute for Science Training and Research
  • IUBMB International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  • IU Indiana University
  • IVD in vitro Diagnostic


  • JGI Joint Genome Institute


  • kb kilobase


  • LANL Los Alamos National Laboratory
  • LBNL Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • LIMS laboratory information management system
  • LLNL Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
  • LTI Life Technologies, Inc.


  • MALDI matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization
  • Mb megabase
  • MBC Massachusetts Biotechnology Council
  • MBL Marine Biological Laboratory
  • MCD Mouse Cytogenetic Database
  • MDA Muscular Dystrophy Association
  • MEMS Microelectromechanical Systems
  • MFD microfluidic device
  • MGC Mouse Genome Conference
  • MGD Mouse Genome Database
  • MGI Microbial Genome Initiative
  • MHC major histocompatibility complex
  • MIMBD Meeting on the Interconnection of Molecular Biology Databases
  • MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • MMRF Marshfield Medical Research Foundation
  • MNBWS Miami Nature Biotechnology Winter Symposium
  • MOD March of Dimes
  • MOU Memorandum of Understanding
  • MRC Medical Research Council
  • MRI magnetic resonance imaging
  • MS mass spectrometry
  • MVA multivariate analyis


  • NABT National Association of Biology Teachers
  • NACHGR National Advisory Council for Human Genome Research
  • NAPBC National Action Plan on Breast Cancer
  • NAS National Academy of Sciences
  • NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
  • NBAC National Bioethics Advisory Commission
  • NCGR National Center for Genome Resources
  • NCI National Cancer Institute
  • NCSA National Center for Supercomputing Applications
  • NCSL National Conference of State Legislatures
  • NCSU North Carolina State University
  • NEH National Endowment for the Humanities
  • NERSC National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center
  • NFCR National Foundation for Cancer Research
  • NFID National Foundation for Infectious Diseases
  • NHGRI National Human Genome Research Institute
  • NICHD National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
  • NIGMS National Institute of General Medical Sciences
  • NIH National Institutes of Health
  • NIGMS National Institute of General Medical Sciences
  • NIR near infrared (spectroscopy)
  • NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology
  • NLGLP National Laboratory Gene Library Project
  • NLM National Library of Medicine
  • NMHCC National Managed Health Care Congress
  • nmr nuclear magnetic resonance
  • NORD National Organization for Rare Disorders
  • NRC National Research Council
  • NRSA National Research Service Award
  • NSF National Science Foundation
  • NSGC National Society of Genetic Counselors
  • NSTA National Science Teachers Association
  • NYAS New York Academy of Science


  • OAINN Ohio Aerospace Institute Neural Networks
  • OASCR Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research, DOE
  • OBER see BER
  • OHER Office of Health and Environmental Research
  • OMIM Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man
  • OPRR Office of Protection from Research Risks
  • ORAU Oak Ridge Associated Universities
  • ORDA NIH Office of Recombinant DNA Activities
  • ORISE Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education
  • ORF open reading frame
  • ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • OSU Oregon State University
  • OTA Office of Technology Assessment
  • QTL quantitative trait locus


  • PAC P1 artificial chromosome
  • PACHG Program Advisory Committee on the Human Genome
  • PCR polymerase chain reaction
  • PFGE pulsed-field gel electrophresis
  • PG Plant Genome
  • PIR Protein Information Resource
  • PNNL Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
  • PRIM&R Public Responsibility in Medicine & Research
  • PSC Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center


  • QDFM Quantitative DNA Fiber Mapping
  • QTL quantitative trait locus


  • R&D research and development
  • RAPD random amplified polymorphic DNA
  • RARA retinoic acid receptor
  • RECOMB Conference on Computational Molecular Biology
  • RFLP restriction fragment length polymorphism
  • RH radiation hybrid
  • RLGS Restriction Landmark Genomic Scanning
  • RNA ribonucleic acid


  • SASE sample sequencing
  • SBH sequencing by hybridization
  • SBIR Small Business Innovation Research
  • SC Office of Science, DOE
  • SCAN Sequence Comparison ANalysis Program
  • SCE School of Continuing Education
  • SCI Society of Chemical Industry
  • SCW single-chromosome workshop
  • SDC San Diego Conference
  • SEM scanning electron microscopy
  • SERGG Southeast Regional Genetics Group
  • SHOM sequencing by hybridization on matrices
  • SIAM Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
  • SIB Society for Industrial Biology
  • SIM Society for Industrial Microbiology
  • SIMS Societal Institute of the Mathematical Sciences
  • SIVB Society for In Vitro Biology
  • SNL Sandia National Laboratory
  • SNP single nucleotide polymorphism
  • snRNP small nuclear ribonucleo protein particle
  • SQL standard query language
  • SSLP single-sequence length polymorphism
  • SSR simple sequence repeat
  • STM scanning tunneling microscope
  • STRP short tandem repeat polymorphism
  • STS sequence-tagged site
  • SULS Suffolk University Law School


  • TCR T-cell receptor
  • T-DNA transferred DNA
  • TEM transmission electron microscopy
  • TIGR The Institute for Genomic Research
  • TIGR/NIST The Institute for Genomic Research/National Institute of Standards and Technology


  • UC University of California
  • UCB University of California, Berkeley
  • UCLA University of California, Los Angeles
  • UICM University of Illinois College of Medicine
  • UMBC University of Maryland, Baltimore County
  • UNC University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • UMDS United Medical & Dental Schools (University of London)
  • UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
  • USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
  • UT University of Tennessee
  • UV ultraviolet
  • UW University of Washington



  • WCCS Workshop on Complete cDNA Sequencing
  • WHS Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome
  • WLMG Wellcome Laboratory for Molecular Genetics
  • WSES World Scientific and Engineering Society
  • WWW World Wide Web


  • XIST candidate gene for X-inactivation center


  • YAC yeast artificial chromosome


Human Genome Project 1990–2003

The Human Genome Project (HGP) was an international 13-year effort, 1990 to 2003. Primary goals were to discover the complete set of human genes and make them accessible for further biological study, and determine the complete sequence of DNA bases in the human genome. See Timeline for more HGP history.

Human Genome News

Published from 1989 until 2002, this newsletter facilitated HGP communication, helped prevent duplication of research effort, and informed persons interested in genome research.